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Food in rural northern Norway in relation to Sami ethnicity: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey.
Public Health Nutr. 2018 10; 21(14):2665-2677.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To estimate current food intake in the population of northern Norway and to investigate the impact of self-perceived Sami ethnicity and region of residence on food intake.

DESIGN

The data are part of the second cross-sectional survey of the Population-based Study on Health and Living Conditions in Regions with Sami and Norwegian Populations (the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey, 2012-2014). Food intake was assessed by an FFQ. Ethnic and regional differences in food intake were studied by sex-specific, multivariable-adjusted quantile regression models.

SETTING

Ten municipalities (rural northern Norway).

SUBJECTS

Males (n 2054) and females (n 2450) aged 40-69 years (2743 non-Sami, 622 multi-ethnic Sami, 1139 Sami).

RESULTS

The diet of Sami participants contained more reindeer meat, moose meat, food made with animal blood and freshwater fish; and contained less lean fish and vegetables. In the inland region, the consumption of reindeer meat was greatest in Sami participants, followed by multi-ethnic Sami participants and non-Sami participants, who had the lowest consumption (median 25, 12 and 8 g/d, respectively). Compared with the inland region, fish roe/liver intake was higher in the coastal region and lean fish intake was twice as high (41 and 32 g/d in males and females, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS

When compared with non-Sami participants, those with solely self-perceived Sami ethnicity reported a significantly different intake of several foods, especially reindeer meat in the inland region. Multi-ethnic Sami tended to have similar diets to non-Sami. Residence in the coastal region predicted higher fish and roe/liver intake.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Department of Community Medicine,Faculty of Health Sciences,UiT The Arctic University of Norway,Postboks 6050 Langnes 9037,Tromsø,Norway.1Department of Community Medicine,Faculty of Health Sciences,UiT The Arctic University of Norway,Postboks 6050 Langnes 9037,Tromsø,Norway.2Centre for Sami Health Research,Department of Community Medicine,UiT The Arctic University of Norway,Tromsø,Norway.1Department of Community Medicine,Faculty of Health Sciences,UiT The Arctic University of Norway,Postboks 6050 Langnes 9037,Tromsø,Norway.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29808789

Citation

Petrenya, Natalia, et al. "Food in Rural Northern Norway in Relation to Sami Ethnicity: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 21, no. 14, 2018, pp. 2665-2677.
Petrenya N, Skeie G, Melhus M, et al. Food in rural northern Norway in relation to Sami ethnicity: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey. Public Health Nutr. 2018;21(14):2665-2677.
Petrenya, N., Skeie, G., Melhus, M., & Brustad, M. (2018). Food in rural northern Norway in relation to Sami ethnicity: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey. Public Health Nutrition, 21(14), 2665-2677. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018001374
Petrenya N, et al. Food in Rural Northern Norway in Relation to Sami Ethnicity: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey. Public Health Nutr. 2018;21(14):2665-2677. PubMed PMID: 29808789.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food in rural northern Norway in relation to Sami ethnicity: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey. AU - Petrenya,Natalia, AU - Skeie,Guri, AU - Melhus,Marita, AU - Brustad,Magritt, Y1 - 2018/05/29/ PY - 2018/5/29/pubmed PY - 2019/10/8/medline PY - 2018/5/30/entrez KW - Diet KW - Ethnicity KW - Food intake KW - Indigenous KW - Northern Norway KW - Sami SP - 2665 EP - 2677 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 21 IS - 14 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To estimate current food intake in the population of northern Norway and to investigate the impact of self-perceived Sami ethnicity and region of residence on food intake. DESIGN: The data are part of the second cross-sectional survey of the Population-based Study on Health and Living Conditions in Regions with Sami and Norwegian Populations (the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey, 2012-2014). Food intake was assessed by an FFQ. Ethnic and regional differences in food intake were studied by sex-specific, multivariable-adjusted quantile regression models. SETTING: Ten municipalities (rural northern Norway). SUBJECTS: Males (n 2054) and females (n 2450) aged 40-69 years (2743 non-Sami, 622 multi-ethnic Sami, 1139 Sami). RESULTS: The diet of Sami participants contained more reindeer meat, moose meat, food made with animal blood and freshwater fish; and contained less lean fish and vegetables. In the inland region, the consumption of reindeer meat was greatest in Sami participants, followed by multi-ethnic Sami participants and non-Sami participants, who had the lowest consumption (median 25, 12 and 8 g/d, respectively). Compared with the inland region, fish roe/liver intake was higher in the coastal region and lean fish intake was twice as high (41 and 32 g/d in males and females, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: When compared with non-Sami participants, those with solely self-perceived Sami ethnicity reported a significantly different intake of several foods, especially reindeer meat in the inland region. Multi-ethnic Sami tended to have similar diets to non-Sami. Residence in the coastal region predicted higher fish and roe/liver intake. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29808789/Food_in_rural_northern_Norway_in_relation_to_Sami_ethnicity:_the_SAMINOR_2_Clinical_Survey_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980018001374/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -