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Maternal sensitivity to distress and attachment outcomes: Interactions with sensitivity to nondistress and infant temperament.
J Fam Psychol. 2018 Sep; 32(6):753-761.JF

Abstract

The extent to which maternal sensitivity to infant distress predicts specific attachment outcomes independent of and in conjunction with maternal sensitivity to infant nondistress and in conjunction with infant-negative emotionality was examined in a sample of 259 mother-infant dyads. Maternal sensitivity to infant distress and nondistress was observed in a series of distress-eliciting tasks when infants were 6 months and 1-year-old. Mothers rated infant-negative emotionality at 6 months. Infant-mother attachment was observed during the "strange situation" (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978) at 1 year. Four attachment outcomes were considered: the dichotomous security/insecurity classification, avoidant and resistant behaviors across both reunion episodes, and a single rating for disorganized behavior. Maternal sensitivity to distress and nondistress at 1 year were treated as covariates. Sensitivity to distress and nondistress at 6 months and 1 year did not predict more adaptive attachment outcomes as main effects. However, sensitivity to distress and nondistress at 6 months interacted significantly in relation to avoidance, such that sensitivity to nondistress was significantly associated with higher avoidance when sensitivity to distress was low, but not when sensitivity to distress was high. Furthermore, sensitivity to distress at 6 months interacted with infant-negative emotionality in relation to security and both resistant and disorganized behaviors, such that sensitivity to distress was positively associated with security and negatively associated with resistant and disorganized behaviors only among infants who were high on mother-reported negative emotionality. Implications for future research and intervention are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of North Carolina at Greensboro.Institute of Develomental Psychology, Beijing Normal University.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29809018

Citation

Leerkes, Esther M., and Nan Zhou. "Maternal Sensitivity to Distress and Attachment Outcomes: Interactions With Sensitivity to Nondistress and Infant Temperament." Journal of Family Psychology : JFP : Journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43), vol. 32, no. 6, 2018, pp. 753-761.
Leerkes EM, Zhou N. Maternal sensitivity to distress and attachment outcomes: Interactions with sensitivity to nondistress and infant temperament. J Fam Psychol. 2018;32(6):753-761.
Leerkes, E. M., & Zhou, N. (2018). Maternal sensitivity to distress and attachment outcomes: Interactions with sensitivity to nondistress and infant temperament. Journal of Family Psychology : JFP : Journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43), 32(6), 753-761. https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000420
Leerkes EM, Zhou N. Maternal Sensitivity to Distress and Attachment Outcomes: Interactions With Sensitivity to Nondistress and Infant Temperament. J Fam Psychol. 2018;32(6):753-761. PubMed PMID: 29809018.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal sensitivity to distress and attachment outcomes: Interactions with sensitivity to nondistress and infant temperament. AU - Leerkes,Esther M, AU - Zhou,Nan, Y1 - 2018/05/28/ PY - 2018/5/29/pubmed PY - 2018/11/15/medline PY - 2018/5/30/entrez SP - 753 EP - 761 JF - Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43) JO - J Fam Psychol VL - 32 IS - 6 N2 - The extent to which maternal sensitivity to infant distress predicts specific attachment outcomes independent of and in conjunction with maternal sensitivity to infant nondistress and in conjunction with infant-negative emotionality was examined in a sample of 259 mother-infant dyads. Maternal sensitivity to infant distress and nondistress was observed in a series of distress-eliciting tasks when infants were 6 months and 1-year-old. Mothers rated infant-negative emotionality at 6 months. Infant-mother attachment was observed during the "strange situation" (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978) at 1 year. Four attachment outcomes were considered: the dichotomous security/insecurity classification, avoidant and resistant behaviors across both reunion episodes, and a single rating for disorganized behavior. Maternal sensitivity to distress and nondistress at 1 year were treated as covariates. Sensitivity to distress and nondistress at 6 months and 1 year did not predict more adaptive attachment outcomes as main effects. However, sensitivity to distress and nondistress at 6 months interacted significantly in relation to avoidance, such that sensitivity to nondistress was significantly associated with higher avoidance when sensitivity to distress was low, but not when sensitivity to distress was high. Furthermore, sensitivity to distress at 6 months interacted with infant-negative emotionality in relation to security and both resistant and disorganized behaviors, such that sensitivity to distress was positively associated with security and negatively associated with resistant and disorganized behaviors only among infants who were high on mother-reported negative emotionality. Implications for future research and intervention are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record SN - 1939-1293 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29809018/Maternal_sensitivity_to_distress_and_attachment_outcomes:_Interactions_with_sensitivity_to_nondistress_and_infant_temperament_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/fam/32/6/753 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -