Serum levels of PIICP, PIIANP, and PIIBNP are decreased in patients with an endemic osteochondropathy, Kashin-Beck disease.J Orthop Surg Res. 2018 May 29; 13(1):128.JO
Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is an endemic, chronic, degenerative osteoarthropathy. KBD is usually diagnosed by using X-ray image and clinical symptoms, lacking of serological biomarkers. The serum level of PIICP, PIIANP, and PIIBNP can specifically reflect the damage of the cartilage. So, in this study, the serum levels of PIICP, PIIANP, and PIIBNP were detected in order to determine whether they can be used as potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of KBD.
Using a status survey, the survey sites were selected in the KBD historical endemic areas and non-endemic areas in Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces. All local residents have undergone clinical examination, X-ray examination of the hands and knees, and questionnaire survey. A total of 554 people were surveyed, and 184 residents who are eligible for inclusion criteria were selected as our subjects. Fifty-six cases were diagnosed as KBD and 63 individuals were included as internal control and 65 subjects were included as external control. And blood samples of surveyed subjects were collected, and the serum was separated to detect the levels of PIICP, PIIANP, and PIIBNP by ELISA. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS software.
There were no statistically significant differences in age and sex among the three groups. The Kruskal-Wallis H test showed that the serum levels of PIICP, PIIANP, and PIIBNP were significantly different among the three groups. Multiple comparisons using Dunnett's T3 test revealed that serum levels of PIICP, PIIANP, and PIIBNP were significantly lower in KBD patients than in internal and external control. However, there was no significant difference between the internal and external control.
The results preliminarily indicated that the levels of PIICP, PIIANP, and PIIBNP in serum could reflect the abnormal synthesis of type II collagen in KBD patients and suggested that these indicators might be used as potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of KBD.