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The effect of inulin and wheat bran on intestinal health and microbiota in the early life of broiler chickens.
Poult Sci 2018; 97(9):3156-3165PS

Abstract

Inulin and wheat bran were added to the starter diets of broiler chickens to investigate the potential of these ingredients to improve the host's health and growth performance, as well as the underlying mechanisms of their effects. A total of 960 1-day-old chicks were assigned to 4 treatments: control (CON), 2% inulin (IN), 10% wheat bran (WB), and 10% wheat bran +2% inulin (WB+IN). On day 11, 6 chicks per treatment were euthanized. A general linear model procedure with Tukey's multiple range test was performed to compare a series of parameters between treatments. The WB-containing treatments improved BW on day 7, day 11, day 35, and BW gain until day 11 (P < 0.05), but only the WB+IN treatment showed a lower feed conversion ratio than the CON treatment (P = 0.011). Furthermore, the WB+IN treatment showed the highest villus height in the jejunum and ileum (P < 0.05), and the highest jejunal ratio villus height/crypt depth (P = 0.035). The concentration of acetate in the ceca was higher in the CON treatment compared to the IN treatment (P = 0.040). The IN treatment increased the concentration (P = 0.003) and ratio (P = 0.004) of iso-butyrate compared to the WB+IN and the CON treatments (P < 0.05). A clustering result exhibited similar intestinal microbiota profiles in the chicks receiving the IN and the WB+IN diets (P > 0.05), but these profiles were different from those found in chicks receiving the WB and the CON diets (P < 0.05). In conclusion, wheat bran and the combination of wheat bran and inulin ameliorated the growth performance and gut morphology of the starter chicks, which resulted in a higher BW until day 35. Inulin, on the other hand, had a greater ability to influence the microbiota profile. The beneficial results found in relation to BW and gut morphology during the starter period suggested a synergistic effect of inulin and wheat bran.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Precision livestock and nutrition unit, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA, Teaching and Research Centre, University of Liège, Passage des Déportés, 2. 5030 Gembloux, Belgium.Precision livestock and nutrition unit, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA, Teaching and Research Centre, University of Liège, Passage des Déportés, 2. 5030 Gembloux, Belgium. Research Foundation for Industry and Agriculture, National Scientific Research Foundation (FRIA-FNRS), 1000 Brussels, Belgium.FARAH - Department of Food Sciences - Microbiology, University of Liège, Avenue de Cureghem 180, 4000 Liege, Belgium.Precision livestock and nutrition unit, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA, Teaching and Research Centre, University of Liège, Passage des Déportés, 2. 5030 Gembloux, Belgium.Precision livestock and nutrition unit, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA, Teaching and Research Centre, University of Liège, Passage des Déportés, 2. 5030 Gembloux, Belgium.Precision livestock and nutrition unit, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA, Teaching and Research Centre, University of Liège, Passage des Déportés, 2. 5030 Gembloux, Belgium.Precision livestock and nutrition unit, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA, Teaching and Research Centre, University of Liège, Passage des Déportés, 2. 5030 Gembloux, Belgium.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29846691

Citation

Li, Bing, et al. "The Effect of Inulin and Wheat Bran On Intestinal Health and Microbiota in the Early Life of Broiler Chickens." Poultry Science, vol. 97, no. 9, 2018, pp. 3156-3165.
Li B, Leblois J, Taminiau B, et al. The effect of inulin and wheat bran on intestinal health and microbiota in the early life of broiler chickens. Poult Sci. 2018;97(9):3156-3165.
Li, B., Leblois, J., Taminiau, B., Schroyen, M., Beckers, Y., Bindelle, J., & Everaert, N. (2018). The effect of inulin and wheat bran on intestinal health and microbiota in the early life of broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 97(9), pp. 3156-3165. doi:10.3382/ps/pey195.
Li B, et al. The Effect of Inulin and Wheat Bran On Intestinal Health and Microbiota in the Early Life of Broiler Chickens. Poult Sci. 2018 Sep 1;97(9):3156-3165. PubMed PMID: 29846691.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of inulin and wheat bran on intestinal health and microbiota in the early life of broiler chickens. AU - Li,Bing, AU - Leblois,Julie, AU - Taminiau,Bernard, AU - Schroyen,Martine, AU - Beckers,Yves, AU - Bindelle,Jérôme, AU - Everaert,Nadia, PY - 2017/12/04/received PY - 2018/04/27/accepted PY - 2018/5/31/pubmed PY - 2018/10/20/medline PY - 2018/5/31/entrez SP - 3156 EP - 3165 JF - Poultry science JO - Poult. Sci. VL - 97 IS - 9 N2 - Inulin and wheat bran were added to the starter diets of broiler chickens to investigate the potential of these ingredients to improve the host's health and growth performance, as well as the underlying mechanisms of their effects. A total of 960 1-day-old chicks were assigned to 4 treatments: control (CON), 2% inulin (IN), 10% wheat bran (WB), and 10% wheat bran +2% inulin (WB+IN). On day 11, 6 chicks per treatment were euthanized. A general linear model procedure with Tukey's multiple range test was performed to compare a series of parameters between treatments. The WB-containing treatments improved BW on day 7, day 11, day 35, and BW gain until day 11 (P < 0.05), but only the WB+IN treatment showed a lower feed conversion ratio than the CON treatment (P = 0.011). Furthermore, the WB+IN treatment showed the highest villus height in the jejunum and ileum (P < 0.05), and the highest jejunal ratio villus height/crypt depth (P = 0.035). The concentration of acetate in the ceca was higher in the CON treatment compared to the IN treatment (P = 0.040). The IN treatment increased the concentration (P = 0.003) and ratio (P = 0.004) of iso-butyrate compared to the WB+IN and the CON treatments (P < 0.05). A clustering result exhibited similar intestinal microbiota profiles in the chicks receiving the IN and the WB+IN diets (P > 0.05), but these profiles were different from those found in chicks receiving the WB and the CON diets (P < 0.05). In conclusion, wheat bran and the combination of wheat bran and inulin ameliorated the growth performance and gut morphology of the starter chicks, which resulted in a higher BW until day 35. Inulin, on the other hand, had a greater ability to influence the microbiota profile. The beneficial results found in relation to BW and gut morphology during the starter period suggested a synergistic effect of inulin and wheat bran. SN - 1525-3171 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29846691/The_effect_of_inulin_and_wheat_bran_on_intestinal_health_and_microbiota_in_the_early_life_of_broiler_chickens_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ps/article-lookup/doi/10.3382/ps/pey195 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -