Designing of enzyme inhibitors based on active site specificity: lessons from methyl gallate and its lipoxygenase inhibitory profile.J Recept Signal Transduct Res 2018; 38(3):256-265JR
Methyl gallate was purified, by lipoxygenase (LOX) inhibitory activity-guided method since its alleged anti-inflammatory property, from Bergenia ligulata (Wall), a plant used in the traditional, Ayurvedic system of medicine extensively. The LOX inhibitory property of methyl gallate was studied by enzyme kinetics, isothermal titration calorimetry and molecular docking followed by molecular simulation studies. The wet-laboratory experiments and in silico studies showed complete agreement, and promise of methyl gallate as a drug-lead molecular scaffold for anti-inflammatory therapy, based on LOX inhibition. The expressed work shows the need of nonactive site binding parameters to be considered while designing of inhibitors based on the specificities toward active sites of enzymes.