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Association of parental investment of time and cost in food provisioning with adherence to dietary guidelines for the consumption of fruits, vegetables and non-core foods in pre-schoolers.
Public Health Nutr. 2018 09; 21(13):2434-2442.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess whether parent-reported time and cost for provision of food is associated with consumption of fruits, vegetables and non-core foods in pre-schoolers.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from the Healthy Habits randomised controlled trial. Two subscales of the Children's Dietary Questionnaire (CDQ) were used to assess fruit and vegetable, and non-core food consumption.

SETTING

Thirty pre-schools in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia.

SUBJECTS

Parents (n 396) with a child aged 3-5 years attending a participating pre-school were recruited. Parents needed to reside with that child for at least four days per week and have primary responsibility for providing meals and snacks to their child.

RESULTS

Sixty-three per cent of children had a parent-reported subscale score indicating adherence to dietary guidelines for fruit and vegetable intake, while 64% of children had a subscale score indicating they were exceeding dietary guidelines for non-core foods. Regression models revealed significant positive associations between higher CDQ scores for non-core foods (indicating higher consumption levels) and minutes that parents spent preparing food (P=0·032 and 0·025) and amount spent on purchasing food (P=0·043 and 0·020). The magnitude of the effects was small (estimate=0·003 and 0·001).

CONCLUSIONS

Time and cost spent by parents on provision of food was not significantly associated with child fruit and vegetable consumption. Further explorations into time spent on food preparation and cost of food procurement are warranted to help address the increased consumption of non-core foods by pre-school children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Faculty of Health and Medicine,University of Newcastle,University Drive,Callaghan,NSW 2308,Australia.1Faculty of Health and Medicine,University of Newcastle,University Drive,Callaghan,NSW 2308,Australia.1Faculty of Health and Medicine,University of Newcastle,University Drive,Callaghan,NSW 2308,Australia.1Faculty of Health and Medicine,University of Newcastle,University Drive,Callaghan,NSW 2308,Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29852887

Citation

Lee, Si Xian Jasmine, et al. "Association of Parental Investment of Time and Cost in Food Provisioning With Adherence to Dietary Guidelines for the Consumption of Fruits, Vegetables and Non-core Foods in Pre-schoolers." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 21, no. 13, 2018, pp. 2434-2442.
Lee SXJ, Burrows T, Yoong S, et al. Association of parental investment of time and cost in food provisioning with adherence to dietary guidelines for the consumption of fruits, vegetables and non-core foods in pre-schoolers. Public Health Nutr. 2018;21(13):2434-2442.
Lee, S. X. J., Burrows, T., Yoong, S., & Wyse, R. (2018). Association of parental investment of time and cost in food provisioning with adherence to dietary guidelines for the consumption of fruits, vegetables and non-core foods in pre-schoolers. Public Health Nutrition, 21(13), 2434-2442. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018001465
Lee SXJ, et al. Association of Parental Investment of Time and Cost in Food Provisioning With Adherence to Dietary Guidelines for the Consumption of Fruits, Vegetables and Non-core Foods in Pre-schoolers. Public Health Nutr. 2018;21(13):2434-2442. PubMed PMID: 29852887.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of parental investment of time and cost in food provisioning with adherence to dietary guidelines for the consumption of fruits, vegetables and non-core foods in pre-schoolers. AU - Lee,Si Xian Jasmine, AU - Burrows,Tracy, AU - Yoong,Serene, AU - Wyse,Rebecca, Y1 - 2018/06/01/ PY - 2018/6/2/pubmed PY - 2019/10/16/medline PY - 2018/6/2/entrez KW - Diet KW - Food provision KW - Fruit KW - Pre-school KW - Vegetables SP - 2434 EP - 2442 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 21 IS - 13 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess whether parent-reported time and cost for provision of food is associated with consumption of fruits, vegetables and non-core foods in pre-schoolers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from the Healthy Habits randomised controlled trial. Two subscales of the Children's Dietary Questionnaire (CDQ) were used to assess fruit and vegetable, and non-core food consumption. SETTING: Thirty pre-schools in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. SUBJECTS: Parents (n 396) with a child aged 3-5 years attending a participating pre-school were recruited. Parents needed to reside with that child for at least four days per week and have primary responsibility for providing meals and snacks to their child. RESULTS: Sixty-three per cent of children had a parent-reported subscale score indicating adherence to dietary guidelines for fruit and vegetable intake, while 64% of children had a subscale score indicating they were exceeding dietary guidelines for non-core foods. Regression models revealed significant positive associations between higher CDQ scores for non-core foods (indicating higher consumption levels) and minutes that parents spent preparing food (P=0·032 and 0·025) and amount spent on purchasing food (P=0·043 and 0·020). The magnitude of the effects was small (estimate=0·003 and 0·001). CONCLUSIONS: Time and cost spent by parents on provision of food was not significantly associated with child fruit and vegetable consumption. Further explorations into time spent on food preparation and cost of food procurement are warranted to help address the increased consumption of non-core foods by pre-school children. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29852887/Association_of_parental_investment_of_time_and_cost_in_food_provisioning_with_adherence_to_dietary_guidelines_for_the_consumption_of_fruits_vegetables_and_non_core_foods_in_pre_schoolers_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980018001465/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -