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Seroprevalence of 12 serovars of pathogenic Leptospira in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Poland.
Acta Vet Scand 2018; 60(1):34AV

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Leptospira spp. infect humans and a wide range of domestic and wild animals, but certain species such as small rodents and red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) play a particular role as reservoirs and transmission of leptospirosis as they easily adapt to many habitats including human environments. To investigate the significance of red foxes in the epidemiology of leptospirosis in Poland, a seroprevalence survey was conducted. During the 2014-2015 hunting season, blood samples of 2134 red foxes originating from the central-eastern part of Poland were collected. Serum samples were tested by a microscopic agglutination test for the presence of specific antibodies to Leptospira serovars Icterohaemorrhagiae, Grippotyphosa, Sejroe, Tarassovi, Pomona, Canicola, Hardjo, Ballum, Australis, Bataviae, Saxkoebing and Poi.

RESULTS

Antibodies to at least one serovar were detected in 561 sera (26.3%). The highest seroprevalence was found in the Subcarpathia (41.6%) and Warmia-Masuria (40.3%) provinces. Antibodies were mainly directed against serovars Poi (12.4%), Saxkoebing (11.3%), and Sejroe (6.0%).

CONCLUSIONS

Exposure of red foxes to certain Leptospira serovars seems to be common in central and eastern Poland. In addition, the high prevalence of antibodies against Leptospira spp. in foxes may indicate a potential risk of infection for humans and other species coming into contact with these animals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Swine Diseases Department, National Veterinary Research Institute, Partyzantow 57, 24-100, Pulawy, Poland. jaca@piwet.pulawy.pl.University Centre of Veterinary Medicine UJ-UR, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059, Krakow, Poland.Swine Diseases Department, National Veterinary Research Institute, Partyzantow 57, 24-100, Pulawy, Poland.Swine Diseases Department, National Veterinary Research Institute, Partyzantow 57, 24-100, Pulawy, Poland.Swine Diseases Department, National Veterinary Research Institute, Partyzantow 57, 24-100, Pulawy, Poland.Epidemiology and Risk Assessment Department, National Veterinary Research Institute, Partyzantow 57, 24-100, Pulawy, Poland.Epidemiology and Risk Assessment Department, National Veterinary Research Institute, Partyzantow 57, 24-100, Pulawy, Poland.Veterinary Hygiene Research Station, Wroclawska 170, 45-836, Opole, Poland.Swine Diseases Department, National Veterinary Research Institute, Partyzantow 57, 24-100, Pulawy, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29855374

Citation

Żmudzki, Jacek, et al. "Seroprevalence of 12 Serovars of Pathogenic Leptospira in Red Foxes (Vulpes Vulpes) in Poland." Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, vol. 60, no. 1, 2018, p. 34.
Żmudzki J, Arent Z, Jabłoński A, et al. Seroprevalence of 12 serovars of pathogenic Leptospira in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Poland. Acta Vet Scand. 2018;60(1):34.
Żmudzki, J., Arent, Z., Jabłoński, A., Nowak, A., Zębek, S., Stolarek, A., ... Pejsak, Z. (2018). Seroprevalence of 12 serovars of pathogenic Leptospira in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Poland. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 60(1), p. 34. doi:10.1186/s13028-018-0388-2.
Żmudzki J, et al. Seroprevalence of 12 Serovars of Pathogenic Leptospira in Red Foxes (Vulpes Vulpes) in Poland. Acta Vet Scand. 2018 May 31;60(1):34. PubMed PMID: 29855374.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Seroprevalence of 12 serovars of pathogenic Leptospira in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Poland. AU - Żmudzki,Jacek, AU - Arent,Zbigniew, AU - Jabłoński,Artur, AU - Nowak,Agnieszka, AU - Zębek,Sylwia, AU - Stolarek,Agnieszka, AU - Bocian,Łukasz, AU - Brzana,Adam, AU - Pejsak,Zygmunt, Y1 - 2018/05/31/ PY - 2017/09/07/received PY - 2018/05/24/accepted PY - 2018/6/2/entrez PY - 2018/6/2/pubmed PY - 2018/8/23/medline KW - Leptospirosis KW - Prevalence KW - Red fox KW - Serology KW - Vulpes vulpes KW - Zoonosis SP - 34 EP - 34 JF - Acta veterinaria Scandinavica JO - Acta Vet. Scand. VL - 60 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Leptospira spp. infect humans and a wide range of domestic and wild animals, but certain species such as small rodents and red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) play a particular role as reservoirs and transmission of leptospirosis as they easily adapt to many habitats including human environments. To investigate the significance of red foxes in the epidemiology of leptospirosis in Poland, a seroprevalence survey was conducted. During the 2014-2015 hunting season, blood samples of 2134 red foxes originating from the central-eastern part of Poland were collected. Serum samples were tested by a microscopic agglutination test for the presence of specific antibodies to Leptospira serovars Icterohaemorrhagiae, Grippotyphosa, Sejroe, Tarassovi, Pomona, Canicola, Hardjo, Ballum, Australis, Bataviae, Saxkoebing and Poi. RESULTS: Antibodies to at least one serovar were detected in 561 sera (26.3%). The highest seroprevalence was found in the Subcarpathia (41.6%) and Warmia-Masuria (40.3%) provinces. Antibodies were mainly directed against serovars Poi (12.4%), Saxkoebing (11.3%), and Sejroe (6.0%). CONCLUSIONS: Exposure of red foxes to certain Leptospira serovars seems to be common in central and eastern Poland. In addition, the high prevalence of antibodies against Leptospira spp. in foxes may indicate a potential risk of infection for humans and other species coming into contact with these animals. SN - 1751-0147 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29855374/Seroprevalence_of_12_serovars_of_pathogenic_Leptospira_in_red_foxes__Vulpes_vulpes__in_Poland_ L2 - https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13028-018-0388-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -