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Empowerment, PTSD and revictimization among women who have experienced intimate partner violence.
Psychiatry Res. 2018 08; 266:103-110.PR

Abstract

Empowerment is associated with lower posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and intimate partner violence (IPV) revictimization, but the direction of these associations remains unknown. Two models were assessed: one in which empowerment is protective against future IPV revictimization and PTSD symptoms, and one in which PTSD symptoms lead to reductions in empowerment and increases in IPV revictimization. Drawn from a probability-based access survey panel of U.S. adults, the present sample included 101 women veterans who experienced past-year IPV. Baseline demographics were assessed (T0), with surveys conducted at Time 1 (T1; 18-month interim), and Time 2 (T2; 6-month interim). Cross-lagged panel models assessed the two models separately among women who reported only T1 psychological IPV victimization (58%) and women who reported T1 physical and/or sexual IPV victimization. Among psychological IPV victims, T1 empowerment was significantly associated with decreased T2 PTSD symptoms, whereas among women who reported physical and/or sexual IPV victimization, T1 empowerment was significantly associated with decreased T2 IPV revictimization. The model in which PTSD symptoms confer risk for lower empowerment was not supported; however, higher T1 PTSD symptoms were associated with increased IPV revictimization among women who reported psychological IPV only. Findings can inform interventions for IPV survivors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for PTSD, Women's Health Sciences Division, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Psychology, Towson University, Towson, MD, USA. Electronic address: cdardis@towson.edu.U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VA Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.National Center for PTSD, Women's Health Sciences Division, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29859496

Citation

Dardis, Christina M., et al. "Empowerment, PTSD and Revictimization Among Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence." Psychiatry Research, vol. 266, 2018, pp. 103-110.
Dardis CM, Dichter ME, Iverson KM. Empowerment, PTSD and revictimization among women who have experienced intimate partner violence. Psychiatry Res. 2018;266:103-110.
Dardis, C. M., Dichter, M. E., & Iverson, K. M. (2018). Empowerment, PTSD and revictimization among women who have experienced intimate partner violence. Psychiatry Research, 266, 103-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.05.034
Dardis CM, Dichter ME, Iverson KM. Empowerment, PTSD and Revictimization Among Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence. Psychiatry Res. 2018;266:103-110. PubMed PMID: 29859496.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Empowerment, PTSD and revictimization among women who have experienced intimate partner violence. AU - Dardis,Christina M, AU - Dichter,Melissa E, AU - Iverson,Katherine M, Y1 - 2018/05/30/ PY - 2017/10/20/received PY - 2018/03/21/revised PY - 2018/05/11/accepted PY - 2018/6/3/pubmed PY - 2019/1/23/medline PY - 2018/6/3/entrez KW - Empowerment KW - Intimate partner violence KW - PTSD KW - Revictimization KW - Women veterans SP - 103 EP - 110 JF - Psychiatry research JO - Psychiatry Res VL - 266 N2 - Empowerment is associated with lower posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and intimate partner violence (IPV) revictimization, but the direction of these associations remains unknown. Two models were assessed: one in which empowerment is protective against future IPV revictimization and PTSD symptoms, and one in which PTSD symptoms lead to reductions in empowerment and increases in IPV revictimization. Drawn from a probability-based access survey panel of U.S. adults, the present sample included 101 women veterans who experienced past-year IPV. Baseline demographics were assessed (T0), with surveys conducted at Time 1 (T1; 18-month interim), and Time 2 (T2; 6-month interim). Cross-lagged panel models assessed the two models separately among women who reported only T1 psychological IPV victimization (58%) and women who reported T1 physical and/or sexual IPV victimization. Among psychological IPV victims, T1 empowerment was significantly associated with decreased T2 PTSD symptoms, whereas among women who reported physical and/or sexual IPV victimization, T1 empowerment was significantly associated with decreased T2 IPV revictimization. The model in which PTSD symptoms confer risk for lower empowerment was not supported; however, higher T1 PTSD symptoms were associated with increased IPV revictimization among women who reported psychological IPV only. Findings can inform interventions for IPV survivors. SN - 1872-7123 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29859496/Empowerment_PTSD_and_revictimization_among_women_who_have_experienced_intimate_partner_violence_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-1781(17)31950-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -