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Nasolabial aesthetics of patients with repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate: A comparison of three rating methods in two countries.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2018 Aug; 46(8):1385-1389.JC

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The study aimed to compare nasolabial aesthetics of patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) treated in Vietnam and Estonia using three rating methods: five-point aesthetic index, a visual analogue scale (VAS), and reference scores method.

METHODS

A total of 56 patients with repaired UCLP (23 from Vietnam and 33 from Estonia) were included in this cross-sectional study. Patients' facial and profile photographs were cropped to reveal the nasolabial region and coded. Five examiners rated nasolabial aesthetics of the patients using three methods: five-point aesthetic index, 100 mm VAS, and reference scores method. Intraclass correlation coefficients were used to evaluate intrarater and interrater reliabilities.

RESULTS

The five-point aesthetic index had a higher reliability than VAS and reference scores method. The least aesthetic feature among Vietnamese and Estonian patients was nasal symmetry and nasolabial profile respectively. No differences in nasolabial aesthetics were found between Vietnamese and Estonian patients regardless of the rating methods (p > 0.05) except for nasal symmetry.

CONCLUSIONS

The five-point aesthetic index seems to produce more reproducible results. There were no significant differences in nasolabial aesthetics between the two countries. Overall average nasolabial appearance results were obtained using different treatment protocols in the two countries.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Dentistry, University of Tartu, Raekoja Plats 6, Tartu, 51003, Estonia; Faculty of Odonto-Stomatology, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 6 Ngo Quyen, Hue, Viet Nam. Electronic address: thai.nguyen.van@ut.ee.Faculty of Odonto-Stomatology, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 6 Ngo Quyen, Hue, Viet Nam.Institute of Dentistry, University of Tartu, Raekoja Plats 6, Tartu, 51003, Estonia.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29861405

Citation

Nguyen, Van Thai, et al. "Nasolabial Aesthetics of Patients With Repaired Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: a Comparison of Three Rating Methods in Two Countries." Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery : Official Publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, vol. 46, no. 8, 2018, pp. 1385-1389.
Nguyen VT, Nguyen T, Jagomägi T. Nasolabial aesthetics of patients with repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate: A comparison of three rating methods in two countries. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2018;46(8):1385-1389.
Nguyen, V. T., Nguyen, T., & Jagomägi, T. (2018). Nasolabial aesthetics of patients with repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate: A comparison of three rating methods in two countries. Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery : Official Publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, 46(8), 1385-1389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2018.05.029
Nguyen VT, Nguyen T, Jagomägi T. Nasolabial Aesthetics of Patients With Repaired Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: a Comparison of Three Rating Methods in Two Countries. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2018;46(8):1385-1389. PubMed PMID: 29861405.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nasolabial aesthetics of patients with repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate: A comparison of three rating methods in two countries. AU - Nguyen,Van Thai, AU - Nguyen,Toai, AU - Jagomägi,Triin, Y1 - 2018/05/18/ PY - 2018/01/03/received PY - 2018/04/20/revised PY - 2018/05/11/accepted PY - 2018/6/5/pubmed PY - 2019/1/18/medline PY - 2018/6/5/entrez KW - Appearance KW - Cleft KW - Nasolabial aesthetics KW - Treatment outcomes SP - 1385 EP - 1389 JF - Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery JO - J Craniomaxillofac Surg VL - 46 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to compare nasolabial aesthetics of patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) treated in Vietnam and Estonia using three rating methods: five-point aesthetic index, a visual analogue scale (VAS), and reference scores method. METHODS: A total of 56 patients with repaired UCLP (23 from Vietnam and 33 from Estonia) were included in this cross-sectional study. Patients' facial and profile photographs were cropped to reveal the nasolabial region and coded. Five examiners rated nasolabial aesthetics of the patients using three methods: five-point aesthetic index, 100 mm VAS, and reference scores method. Intraclass correlation coefficients were used to evaluate intrarater and interrater reliabilities. RESULTS: The five-point aesthetic index had a higher reliability than VAS and reference scores method. The least aesthetic feature among Vietnamese and Estonian patients was nasal symmetry and nasolabial profile respectively. No differences in nasolabial aesthetics were found between Vietnamese and Estonian patients regardless of the rating methods (p > 0.05) except for nasal symmetry. CONCLUSIONS: The five-point aesthetic index seems to produce more reproducible results. There were no significant differences in nasolabial aesthetics between the two countries. Overall average nasolabial appearance results were obtained using different treatment protocols in the two countries. SN - 1878-4119 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29861405/Nasolabial_aesthetics_of_patients_with_repaired_unilateral_cleft_lip_and_palate:_A_comparison_of_three_rating_methods_in_two_countries_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1010-5182(18)30277-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -