Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Interplay of Race and Criminal Justice Involvement on Sexual Behaviors of Young Men Who Have Sex With Men.
J Adolesc Health 2018; 63(2):197-204JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

Criminal justice involvement is a significant problem in the United States, and poses substantial negative immediate and long-term effects, particularly among adolescents and young adults. Research has been mixed on the association between a history of arrest or incarceration and an increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus, but there are clear trends in the association between criminal justice involvement and sexual risk behaviors.

METHODS

Drawing from a racially or ethnically diverse sample of young men who have sex with men, we conducted an investigation into whether there was a temporal relationship between history of criminal justice involvement and engagement in high-risk sexual behaviors. We also examined whether sexual behaviors among black men who have sex with men (MSM) were more substantially impacted by arrest or incarceration than those of non-black MSM. Data were collected within a longitudinal study of young MSM in Chicago.

RESULTS

More than one-third of participants (37.8%) reported having ever been in trouble with the police in their lifetime, and 10% had been incarcerated. In multivariable analysis, black race, history of incarceration, and the interaction were all significantly positively associated with an increase in reported number of male anal sex partners.

CONCLUSIONS

We found that the intersection between race and criminal justice involvement plays a major role in sexual behaviors. More research is needed to understand why a history of arrest or incarceration has a much more profound effect on black MSM than on non-black MSM.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medical Social Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: glp2@northwestern.edu.Department of Medical Social Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.Department of Medical Social Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.Department of Medical Social Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.Division of Adolescent Medicine, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.Division of Adolescent Medicine, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.Department of Medical Social Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29880441

Citation

Phillips, Gregory, et al. "Interplay of Race and Criminal Justice Involvement On Sexual Behaviors of Young Men Who Have Sex With Men." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 63, no. 2, 2018, pp. 197-204.
Phillips G, Birkett M, Salamanca P, et al. Interplay of Race and Criminal Justice Involvement on Sexual Behaviors of Young Men Who Have Sex With Men. J Adolesc Health. 2018;63(2):197-204.
Phillips, G., Birkett, M., Salamanca, P., Ryan, D., Garofalo, R., Kuhns, L., & Mustanski, B. (2018). Interplay of Race and Criminal Justice Involvement on Sexual Behaviors of Young Men Who Have Sex With Men. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 63(2), pp. 197-204. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.01.012.
Phillips G, et al. Interplay of Race and Criminal Justice Involvement On Sexual Behaviors of Young Men Who Have Sex With Men. J Adolesc Health. 2018;63(2):197-204. PubMed PMID: 29880441.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Interplay of Race and Criminal Justice Involvement on Sexual Behaviors of Young Men Who Have Sex With Men. AU - Phillips,Gregory,2nd AU - Birkett,Michelle, AU - Salamanca,Paul, AU - Ryan,Daniel, AU - Garofalo,Robert, AU - Kuhns,Lisa, AU - Mustanski,Brian, Y1 - 2018/06/04/ PY - 2017/08/14/received PY - 2018/01/26/revised PY - 2018/01/26/accepted PY - 2018/6/9/pubmed PY - 2019/11/19/medline PY - 2018/6/9/entrez KW - Condomless anal sex KW - Criminal justice KW - HIV KW - Race KW - YMSM SP - 197 EP - 204 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 63 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: Criminal justice involvement is a significant problem in the United States, and poses substantial negative immediate and long-term effects, particularly among adolescents and young adults. Research has been mixed on the association between a history of arrest or incarceration and an increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus, but there are clear trends in the association between criminal justice involvement and sexual risk behaviors. METHODS: Drawing from a racially or ethnically diverse sample of young men who have sex with men, we conducted an investigation into whether there was a temporal relationship between history of criminal justice involvement and engagement in high-risk sexual behaviors. We also examined whether sexual behaviors among black men who have sex with men (MSM) were more substantially impacted by arrest or incarceration than those of non-black MSM. Data were collected within a longitudinal study of young MSM in Chicago. RESULTS: More than one-third of participants (37.8%) reported having ever been in trouble with the police in their lifetime, and 10% had been incarcerated. In multivariable analysis, black race, history of incarceration, and the interaction were all significantly positively associated with an increase in reported number of male anal sex partners. CONCLUSIONS: We found that the intersection between race and criminal justice involvement plays a major role in sexual behaviors. More research is needed to understand why a history of arrest or incarceration has a much more profound effect on black MSM than on non-black MSM. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29880441/Interplay_of_Race_and_Criminal_Justice_Involvement_on_Sexual_Behaviors_of_Young_Men_Who_Have_Sex_With_Men_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(18)30062-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -