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Personal, relational and school factors associated with involvement in fights with weapons among school-age youth in Brazil: a multilevel ecological approach.
Int J Public Health. 2018 Nov; 63(8):957-965.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To investigate the association between personal, relational and school factors with involvement in fights with weapon among Brazilian school-age youth.

METHODS

Using data from the Adolescent School-Based Health Survey 2015 (n = 102.072), we conducted multilevel logistic regression models.

RESULTS

IFW was associated with female sex (OR = 0.45), and with older age (OR = 1.15), previous involvement in physical violence (OR = 2.05), history of peer verbal (OR = 1.14) and domestic victimization (OR = 2.11), alcohol use (OR = 2.42) and drug use (OR = 3.23). The relational variables (e.g., parent's supervision) were mostly negatively associated with IFW. At the school level, attending public school and attending schools in violent surroundings were both positively associated with IFW. The intraclass correlation coefficient estimated in the empty model showed that 5.77% of the variance of IFW was at school level. When all individual- and school-level variables were included in the model, the proportional changes in variance were 61.7 and 71.55%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

IFW is associated with personal, relational and school factors. Part of the variance in IFW by school is explained by characteristics of the school context.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo 455, 2º andar, 01246-903, São Paulo-SP, Brazil. mftperes@usp.br.Curso de Nutrição, Faculdade de Medicina da, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, 38.405-320, Brasil.Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo 455, 2º andar, 01246-903, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Católica de Santos, Santos, Brazil.School of Public Health-USP, São Paulo, Brazil.Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo 455, 2º andar, 01246-903, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo 455, 2º andar, 01246-903, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29882007

Citation

Peres, Maria Fernanda Tourinho, et al. "Personal, Relational and School Factors Associated With Involvement in Fights With Weapons Among School-age Youth in Brazil: a Multilevel Ecological Approach." International Journal of Public Health, vol. 63, no. 8, 2018, pp. 957-965.
Peres MFT, Azeredo CM, de Rezende LFM, et al. Personal, relational and school factors associated with involvement in fights with weapons among school-age youth in Brazil: a multilevel ecological approach. Int J Public Health. 2018;63(8):957-965.
Peres, M. F. T., Azeredo, C. M., de Rezende, L. F. M., Zucchi, E. M., Franca-Junior, I., Luiz, O. D. C., & Levy, R. B. (2018). Personal, relational and school factors associated with involvement in fights with weapons among school-age youth in Brazil: a multilevel ecological approach. International Journal of Public Health, 63(8), 957-965. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1128-0
Peres MFT, et al. Personal, Relational and School Factors Associated With Involvement in Fights With Weapons Among School-age Youth in Brazil: a Multilevel Ecological Approach. Int J Public Health. 2018;63(8):957-965. PubMed PMID: 29882007.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Personal, relational and school factors associated with involvement in fights with weapons among school-age youth in Brazil: a multilevel ecological approach. AU - Peres,Maria Fernanda Tourinho, AU - Azeredo,Catarina Machado, AU - de Rezende,Leandro Fórnias Machado, AU - Zucchi,Eliana Miura, AU - Franca-Junior,Ivan, AU - Luiz,Olinda do Carmo, AU - Levy,Renata Bertazzi, Y1 - 2018/06/08/ PY - 2017/07/31/received PY - 2018/05/28/accepted PY - 2018/05/25/revised PY - 2018/6/9/pubmed PY - 2019/1/11/medline PY - 2018/6/9/entrez KW - Ecological model KW - Multilevel models KW - Risk factors KW - Violence KW - Violence prevention KW - Youth violence SP - 957 EP - 965 JF - International journal of public health JO - Int J Public Health VL - 63 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between personal, relational and school factors with involvement in fights with weapon among Brazilian school-age youth. METHODS: Using data from the Adolescent School-Based Health Survey 2015 (n = 102.072), we conducted multilevel logistic regression models. RESULTS: IFW was associated with female sex (OR = 0.45), and with older age (OR = 1.15), previous involvement in physical violence (OR = 2.05), history of peer verbal (OR = 1.14) and domestic victimization (OR = 2.11), alcohol use (OR = 2.42) and drug use (OR = 3.23). The relational variables (e.g., parent's supervision) were mostly negatively associated with IFW. At the school level, attending public school and attending schools in violent surroundings were both positively associated with IFW. The intraclass correlation coefficient estimated in the empty model showed that 5.77% of the variance of IFW was at school level. When all individual- and school-level variables were included in the model, the proportional changes in variance were 61.7 and 71.55%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: IFW is associated with personal, relational and school factors. Part of the variance in IFW by school is explained by characteristics of the school context. SN - 1661-8564 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29882007/Personal_relational_and_school_factors_associated_with_involvement_in_fights_with_weapons_among_school_age_youth_in_Brazil:_a_multilevel_ecological_approach_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1128-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -