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Activity of Shoulder Stabilizers and Prime Movers During an Unstable Overhead Press.
J Strength Cond Res. 2020 Jan; 34(1):73-78.JS

Abstract

Williams, MR Jr, Hendricks, DS, Dannen, MJ, Arnold, AM, and Lawrence, MA. Activity of shoulder stabilizers and prime movers during an unstable overhead press. J Strength Cond Res 34(1): 73-78, 2020-Overhead reaching is a common movement that relies heavily on muscles for dynamic stability. Stabilizer muscle activation increased during squatting and bench pressing with an unstable load, but the overhead press (OHP) has yet to be examined. The purpose of this study is to compare muscle activity of the shoulder stabilizers and prime movers and excursions of the center of pressure (CoP) during the OHP in 2 unstable and one stable conditions. Twelve men (aged 25.3 ± 2.7 years, mass: 91.5 ± 8.4 kg, height: 1.81 ± 0.06 m) pressed 50% of their 1 repetition maximum for 10 repetitions over 3 conditions: a straight stable barbell (SS), a straight unstable (SU) barbell with kettlebells suspend by elastic bands, and an unstable Earthquake (EU) bar with kettlebells suspended by elastic bands. Activity of the shoulder stabilizers and prime movers were measured via surface and indwelling electromyography. Center of pressure excursion of the right foot was also measured. A multivariate analysis was used to determine significant differences between conditions. Pressing with the EQ increased activation of the biceps brachii, erector spinae, latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major, rectus abdominus, rhomboids, and serratus anterior over the SS condition, whereas only the SU condition increased activation in the erector spinae and latissimus dorsi muscles. The EQ condition produced greater CoP excursion (35.3 ± 7.9% foot length) compared with the SU (28.0 ± 7.2% foot length) and SS (22.2 ± 6.3% foot length) conditions. Therefore, the EU condition may be an effective exercise to activate scapular stabilizers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physical Therapy, University of New England Portland, Portland, Maine.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29889776

Citation

Williams, Martin R., et al. "Activity of Shoulder Stabilizers and Prime Movers During an Unstable Overhead Press." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 34, no. 1, 2020, pp. 73-78.
Williams MR, Hendricks DS, Dannen MJ, et al. Activity of Shoulder Stabilizers and Prime Movers During an Unstable Overhead Press. J Strength Cond Res. 2020;34(1):73-78.
Williams, M. R., Hendricks, D. S., Dannen, M. J., Arnold, A. M., & Lawrence, M. A. (2020). Activity of Shoulder Stabilizers and Prime Movers During an Unstable Overhead Press. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34(1), 73-78. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002660
Williams MR, et al. Activity of Shoulder Stabilizers and Prime Movers During an Unstable Overhead Press. J Strength Cond Res. 2020;34(1):73-78. PubMed PMID: 29889776.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Activity of Shoulder Stabilizers and Prime Movers During an Unstable Overhead Press. AU - Williams,Martin R,Jr AU - Hendricks,Dustin S, AU - Dannen,Michael J, AU - Arnold,Andrea M, AU - Lawrence,Michael A, PY - 2018/6/12/pubmed PY - 2020/3/13/medline PY - 2018/6/12/entrez SP - 73 EP - 78 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 34 IS - 1 N2 - Williams, MR Jr, Hendricks, DS, Dannen, MJ, Arnold, AM, and Lawrence, MA. Activity of shoulder stabilizers and prime movers during an unstable overhead press. J Strength Cond Res 34(1): 73-78, 2020-Overhead reaching is a common movement that relies heavily on muscles for dynamic stability. Stabilizer muscle activation increased during squatting and bench pressing with an unstable load, but the overhead press (OHP) has yet to be examined. The purpose of this study is to compare muscle activity of the shoulder stabilizers and prime movers and excursions of the center of pressure (CoP) during the OHP in 2 unstable and one stable conditions. Twelve men (aged 25.3 ± 2.7 years, mass: 91.5 ± 8.4 kg, height: 1.81 ± 0.06 m) pressed 50% of their 1 repetition maximum for 10 repetitions over 3 conditions: a straight stable barbell (SS), a straight unstable (SU) barbell with kettlebells suspend by elastic bands, and an unstable Earthquake (EU) bar with kettlebells suspended by elastic bands. Activity of the shoulder stabilizers and prime movers were measured via surface and indwelling electromyography. Center of pressure excursion of the right foot was also measured. A multivariate analysis was used to determine significant differences between conditions. Pressing with the EQ increased activation of the biceps brachii, erector spinae, latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major, rectus abdominus, rhomboids, and serratus anterior over the SS condition, whereas only the SU condition increased activation in the erector spinae and latissimus dorsi muscles. The EQ condition produced greater CoP excursion (35.3 ± 7.9% foot length) compared with the SU (28.0 ± 7.2% foot length) and SS (22.2 ± 6.3% foot length) conditions. Therefore, the EU condition may be an effective exercise to activate scapular stabilizers. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29889776/Activity_of_Shoulder_Stabilizers_and_Prime_Movers_During_an_Unstable_Overhead_Press_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -