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Muscle Dysmorphia and its Associated Psychological Features in Three Groups of Recreational Athletes.
Sci Rep. 2018 06 11; 8(1):8877.SR

Abstract

Muscle Dysmorphia (MD) is a psychological disorder characterized by the preoccupation with the idea that one's body is not lean and muscular. The current study aimed to explore MD behaviours and symptoms in three groups of recreational athletes: bodybuilders (BB; n = 42), strength athletes (SA; n = 61), and fitness practitioners (FP; n = 22). Furthermore, we assessed MD-related psychological features as well as possible psychological predictors of MD among groups. Results highlighted that the BB group reported more beliefs about being smaller and weaker than desired compared to the other groups, whereas individuals in the SA group reported setting higher standards for themselves than the FP group. Lastly, orthorexia nervosa and social anxiety symptoms emerged as predictors of MD symptoms in the BB group. Taken together, our findings suggest that individuals in the BB group are characterized by more MD general symptomatology than those in the other groups; furthermore, only orthorexia nervosa and social anxiety may play a specific role in predicting MD general symptoms in bodybuilders.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, via Venezia 8, 35131, Padova, Italy. silvia.cerea@phd.unipd.it.Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, via Venezia 8, 35131, Padova, Italy.Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, via Ugo Bassi 58/b, 35131, Padova, Italy.Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, via Ugo Bassi 58/b, 35131, Padova, Italy.Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, via Venezia 8, 35131, Padova, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29891927

Citation

Cerea, Silvia, et al. "Muscle Dysmorphia and Its Associated Psychological Features in Three Groups of Recreational Athletes." Scientific Reports, vol. 8, no. 1, 2018, p. 8877.
Cerea S, Bottesi G, Pacelli QF, et al. Muscle Dysmorphia and its Associated Psychological Features in Three Groups of Recreational Athletes. Sci Rep. 2018;8(1):8877.
Cerea, S., Bottesi, G., Pacelli, Q. F., Paoli, A., & Ghisi, M. (2018). Muscle Dysmorphia and its Associated Psychological Features in Three Groups of Recreational Athletes. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 8877. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27176-9
Cerea S, et al. Muscle Dysmorphia and Its Associated Psychological Features in Three Groups of Recreational Athletes. Sci Rep. 2018 06 11;8(1):8877. PubMed PMID: 29891927.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Muscle Dysmorphia and its Associated Psychological Features in Three Groups of Recreational Athletes. AU - Cerea,Silvia, AU - Bottesi,Gioia, AU - Pacelli,Quirico F, AU - Paoli,Antonio, AU - Ghisi,Marta, Y1 - 2018/06/11/ PY - 2017/11/01/received PY - 2018/05/27/accepted PY - 2018/6/13/entrez PY - 2018/6/13/pubmed PY - 2019/10/11/medline SP - 8877 EP - 8877 JF - Scientific reports JO - Sci Rep VL - 8 IS - 1 N2 - Muscle Dysmorphia (MD) is a psychological disorder characterized by the preoccupation with the idea that one's body is not lean and muscular. The current study aimed to explore MD behaviours and symptoms in three groups of recreational athletes: bodybuilders (BB; n = 42), strength athletes (SA; n = 61), and fitness practitioners (FP; n = 22). Furthermore, we assessed MD-related psychological features as well as possible psychological predictors of MD among groups. Results highlighted that the BB group reported more beliefs about being smaller and weaker than desired compared to the other groups, whereas individuals in the SA group reported setting higher standards for themselves than the FP group. Lastly, orthorexia nervosa and social anxiety symptoms emerged as predictors of MD symptoms in the BB group. Taken together, our findings suggest that individuals in the BB group are characterized by more MD general symptomatology than those in the other groups; furthermore, only orthorexia nervosa and social anxiety may play a specific role in predicting MD general symptoms in bodybuilders. SN - 2045-2322 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29891927/Muscle_Dysmorphia_and_its_Associated_Psychological_Features_in_Three_Groups_of_Recreational_Athletes L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27176-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -