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"OKKIO alla salute 2014" results from the Tuscan sample.
Ann Ig. 2018 Jul-Aug; 30(4):259-272.AI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children is rapidly increasing in many countries. For this reason we decided to investigate the eating habits of 8-9 years old Tuscany children, by paying attention to the frequency of their meals per day and to their food choices, also in relation to children's Body Mass Index (BMI) classes. In addition, we considered some environmental factors that could affect children eating behaviors, such as parents' BMI.

METHODS

Data from the 2014 Tuscany nutritional surveillance system (part of the national periodical survey) and collected from children, parents and teachers, have been linked to study of children's eating habits. Logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the association between incorrect dietary habits and the potential predictors of overweight and obesity.

RESULTS

More than half of the 2,163 children (68.64% overall, 67.61% females, 69.56% males) reported to have eaten an appropriate breakfast in the morning, while 5.9% skipped breakfast and only 33.5% of children ate an appropriate mid-morning snack. Logistic regression showed that having breakfast and especially an adequate breakfast are protective factors against obesity (OR 0.57, p<0.01; OR 0.84; p=0.03 respectively).

CONCLUSION

In Tuscany Region, unhealthy dietary habits are common among children. The identified deficiencies may be a harbinger of future public health problems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Post Graduate School of Public Health, University of Siena, Italy.Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University of Siena, Italy.Department of Medical, Surgical and Neuro Sciences , Santa Maria alle Scotte Hospital, Siena, Italy.Dietician, Nutritionist, Freelance, Foggia, Italy.Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University of Siena, Italy.Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University of Siena, Italy.Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University of Siena, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29895044

Citation

Troiano, G, et al. ""OKKIO Alla Salute 2014" Results From the Tuscan Sample." Annali Di Igiene : Medicina Preventiva E Di Comunita, vol. 30, no. 4, 2018, pp. 259-272.
Troiano G, Simi R, Mercurio I, et al. "OKKIO alla salute 2014" results from the Tuscan sample. Ann Ig. 2018;30(4):259-272.
Troiano, G., Simi, R., Mercurio, I., Alfonzo, M. G., Trombetta, C. M., Manini, I., & Lazzeri, G. (2018). "OKKIO alla salute 2014" results from the Tuscan sample. Annali Di Igiene : Medicina Preventiva E Di Comunita, 30(4), 259-272. https://doi.org/10.7416/ai.2018.2218
Troiano G, et al. "OKKIO Alla Salute 2014" Results From the Tuscan Sample. Ann Ig. 2018 Jul-Aug;30(4):259-272. PubMed PMID: 29895044.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - "OKKIO alla salute 2014" results from the Tuscan sample. AU - Troiano,G, AU - Simi,R, AU - Mercurio,I, AU - Alfonzo,M G, AU - Trombetta,C M, AU - Manini,I, AU - Lazzeri,G, PY - 2018/6/13/entrez PY - 2018/6/13/pubmed PY - 2019/10/28/medline KW - Breakfast KW - Children KW - Nutrition KW - Snack SP - 259 EP - 272 JF - Annali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunita JO - Ann Ig VL - 30 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children is rapidly increasing in many countries. For this reason we decided to investigate the eating habits of 8-9 years old Tuscany children, by paying attention to the frequency of their meals per day and to their food choices, also in relation to children's Body Mass Index (BMI) classes. In addition, we considered some environmental factors that could affect children eating behaviors, such as parents' BMI. METHODS: Data from the 2014 Tuscany nutritional surveillance system (part of the national periodical survey) and collected from children, parents and teachers, have been linked to study of children's eating habits. Logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the association between incorrect dietary habits and the potential predictors of overweight and obesity. RESULTS: More than half of the 2,163 children (68.64% overall, 67.61% females, 69.56% males) reported to have eaten an appropriate breakfast in the morning, while 5.9% skipped breakfast and only 33.5% of children ate an appropriate mid-morning snack. Logistic regression showed that having breakfast and especially an adequate breakfast are protective factors against obesity (OR 0.57, p<0.01; OR 0.84; p=0.03 respectively). CONCLUSION: In Tuscany Region, unhealthy dietary habits are common among children. The identified deficiencies may be a harbinger of future public health problems. SN - 1120-9135 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29895044/"OKKIO_alla_salute_2014"_results_from_the_Tuscan_sample_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -