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Effect of negatively valenced words on deviant P3 during the three-stimulus oddball paradigm.
Neurosci Lett 2018; 683:38-42NL

Abstract

Attentional bias (sensitization) for negative information was estimated using event-related brain potentials (ERP). We used a three-stimulus visual oddball paradigm that comprised a small diamond standard stimulus (66.7%), a large diamond target stimulus (16.7%), and deviant word stimuli (16.7%) written in Kanji. Furthermore, half the deviant words were negative emotional words (e.g., destruction or scream) and the others half were neutral words (e.g., structure or range). Healthy participants (N = 26) were instructed to press a button after the target appeared while ignoring the other stimuli. EEG was recorded from Fz, Cz, and Pz sites and the average of EEG that time-locked to the onset of stimuli was calculated. Results indicated that the P3 amplitude for the target at Pz was the largest among the three sites, whereas the P3 amplitude for deviant words at Cz and Pz was larger than those at Fz. Furthermore, the P3 amplitudes for negative words increased in comparison to those for neutral words. These results suggest that increased amplitudes to word stimuli are regarded as deviant P3, and changes reflect passive attentional capture elicited by negative emotional information. Implications for using ERPs for estimating attentional bias to threat information are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Aichi Gakuin University, Aichi 470-0195, Japan. Electronic address: mitsu-da@dpc.agu.ac.jp.Graduate School of Psychological and Physical Science, Aichi Gakuin University, Aichi 470-0195, Japan.Department of Child Care Studies, Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences, Aichi 470-0196, Japan.Department of Psychology, Aichi Gakuin University, Aichi 470-0195, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29906482

Citation

Ishida, Mitsuo, et al. "Effect of Negatively Valenced Words On Deviant P3 During the Three-stimulus Oddball Paradigm." Neuroscience Letters, vol. 683, 2018, pp. 38-42.
Ishida M, Kaneda M, Akamine A, et al. Effect of negatively valenced words on deviant P3 during the three-stimulus oddball paradigm. Neurosci Lett. 2018;683:38-42.
Ishida, M., Kaneda, M., Akamine, A., & Sakakibara, M. (2018). Effect of negatively valenced words on deviant P3 during the three-stimulus oddball paradigm. Neuroscience Letters, 683, pp. 38-42. doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2018.06.001.
Ishida M, et al. Effect of Negatively Valenced Words On Deviant P3 During the Three-stimulus Oddball Paradigm. Neurosci Lett. 2018 09 14;683:38-42. PubMed PMID: 29906482.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of negatively valenced words on deviant P3 during the three-stimulus oddball paradigm. AU - Ishida,Mitsuo, AU - Kaneda,Munehisa, AU - Akamine,Aki, AU - Sakakibara,Masahito, Y1 - 2018/06/12/ PY - 2018/02/05/received PY - 2018/06/01/revised PY - 2018/06/02/accepted PY - 2018/6/16/pubmed PY - 2019/3/12/medline PY - 2018/6/16/entrez KW - Affective word KW - Attentional bias KW - Event-related potentials KW - Oddball task KW - P3 SP - 38 EP - 42 JF - Neuroscience letters JO - Neurosci. Lett. VL - 683 N2 - Attentional bias (sensitization) for negative information was estimated using event-related brain potentials (ERP). We used a three-stimulus visual oddball paradigm that comprised a small diamond standard stimulus (66.7%), a large diamond target stimulus (16.7%), and deviant word stimuli (16.7%) written in Kanji. Furthermore, half the deviant words were negative emotional words (e.g., destruction or scream) and the others half were neutral words (e.g., structure or range). Healthy participants (N = 26) were instructed to press a button after the target appeared while ignoring the other stimuli. EEG was recorded from Fz, Cz, and Pz sites and the average of EEG that time-locked to the onset of stimuli was calculated. Results indicated that the P3 amplitude for the target at Pz was the largest among the three sites, whereas the P3 amplitude for deviant words at Cz and Pz was larger than those at Fz. Furthermore, the P3 amplitudes for negative words increased in comparison to those for neutral words. These results suggest that increased amplitudes to word stimuli are regarded as deviant P3, and changes reflect passive attentional capture elicited by negative emotional information. Implications for using ERPs for estimating attentional bias to threat information are discussed. SN - 1872-7972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29906482/Effect_of_negatively_valenced_words_on_deviant_P3_during_the_three_stimulus_oddball_paradigm_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0304-3940(18)30404-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -