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Characterization of Gene Expression Profile, Phenolic Composition, and Antioxidant Capacity in Red-Fleshed Grape Berries and Their Wines.
J Agric Food Chem. 2018 Jul 11; 66(27):7190-7199.JA

Abstract

Gene expression profile, phenolic composition, and antioxidant capacity were evaluated in red-fleshed berries and their wines (RF berries and wines) from new grape genotypes. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that ten metabolic pathways involved in polyphenol synthesis and catabolism were significantly altered, and 13 genes related to the biosynthesis and transport of phenolics were largely upregulated in RF berries compared to that of Cabernet Sauvignon (CS). Expression of MybA1 was associated with anthocyanin accumulation in red flesh. Additionally, RF berries and wines contained higher concentrations of total anthocyanins, phenols, flavonoids, and proanthocyanidins than those in CS berries and wine. Particularly, diglucosides of malvidin, peonidin, delphinidin, and cyanidin were present in red flesh and RF wines, but they were undetectable or present at very low concentrations in CS flesh and wine. Cinnamic acid and ferulic acid were clearly increased in the RF wines compared to those in the CS wine. Additionally, the RF wines had higher antioxidant capacity than that in the CS wine, and total anthocyanin content was significantly correlated to antioxidant capacity. This research provides insight into the mechanisms underlying grape flesh coloration and the composition of phenolic compounds in RF berries and wines.

Authors+Show Affiliations

State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops in Huang-Huai Region, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Horticulture Science and Engineering , Shandong Agricultural University , Tai-An 271018 , China.State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops in Huang-Huai Region, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Horticulture Science and Engineering , Shandong Agricultural University , Tai-An 271018 , China.State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops in Huang-Huai Region, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Horticulture Science and Engineering , Shandong Agricultural University , Tai-An 271018 , China.State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops in Huang-Huai Region, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Horticulture Science and Engineering , Shandong Agricultural University , Tai-An 271018 , China.State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops in Huang-Huai Region, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Horticulture Science and Engineering , Shandong Agricultural University , Tai-An 271018 , China.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29920074

Citation

Yue, Qianyu, et al. "Characterization of Gene Expression Profile, Phenolic Composition, and Antioxidant Capacity in Red-Fleshed Grape Berries and Their Wines." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 66, no. 27, 2018, pp. 7190-7199.
Yue Q, Xu L, Xiang G, et al. Characterization of Gene Expression Profile, Phenolic Composition, and Antioxidant Capacity in Red-Fleshed Grape Berries and Their Wines. J Agric Food Chem. 2018;66(27):7190-7199.
Yue, Q., Xu, L., Xiang, G., Yu, X., & Yao, Y. (2018). Characterization of Gene Expression Profile, Phenolic Composition, and Antioxidant Capacity in Red-Fleshed Grape Berries and Their Wines. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 66(27), 7190-7199. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.8b01323
Yue Q, et al. Characterization of Gene Expression Profile, Phenolic Composition, and Antioxidant Capacity in Red-Fleshed Grape Berries and Their Wines. J Agric Food Chem. 2018 Jul 11;66(27):7190-7199. PubMed PMID: 29920074.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characterization of Gene Expression Profile, Phenolic Composition, and Antioxidant Capacity in Red-Fleshed Grape Berries and Their Wines. AU - Yue,Qianyu, AU - Xu,Lili, AU - Xiang,Guangqing, AU - Yu,Xin, AU - Yao,Yuxin, Y1 - 2018/06/28/ PY - 2018/6/20/pubmed PY - 2018/8/30/medline PY - 2018/6/20/entrez KW - antioxidant activity KW - gene expression KW - phenolic compound KW - red-fleshed grapes KW - wine SP - 7190 EP - 7199 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J. Agric. Food Chem. VL - 66 IS - 27 N2 - Gene expression profile, phenolic composition, and antioxidant capacity were evaluated in red-fleshed berries and their wines (RF berries and wines) from new grape genotypes. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that ten metabolic pathways involved in polyphenol synthesis and catabolism were significantly altered, and 13 genes related to the biosynthesis and transport of phenolics were largely upregulated in RF berries compared to that of Cabernet Sauvignon (CS). Expression of MybA1 was associated with anthocyanin accumulation in red flesh. Additionally, RF berries and wines contained higher concentrations of total anthocyanins, phenols, flavonoids, and proanthocyanidins than those in CS berries and wine. Particularly, diglucosides of malvidin, peonidin, delphinidin, and cyanidin were present in red flesh and RF wines, but they were undetectable or present at very low concentrations in CS flesh and wine. Cinnamic acid and ferulic acid were clearly increased in the RF wines compared to those in the CS wine. Additionally, the RF wines had higher antioxidant capacity than that in the CS wine, and total anthocyanin content was significantly correlated to antioxidant capacity. This research provides insight into the mechanisms underlying grape flesh coloration and the composition of phenolic compounds in RF berries and wines. SN - 1520-5118 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29920074/Characterization_of_Gene_Expression_Profile_Phenolic_Composition_and_Antioxidant_Capacity_in_Red_Fleshed_Grape_Berries_and_Their_Wines_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.8b01323 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -