Prevalence of erectile dysfunction in Egyptian males with metabolic syndrome.Aging Male 2018; :1-7AM
Determination of the potential effect of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on erectile function in Egyptian men and description of the sociodemographic characteristics of these men.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A cohort of 615 patients presenting to urology department aged between 30 and 75 years were prospectively assessed and divided into two groups. Group I (n = 325) diagnosed with MetS and mean age of 56.07 ± 8.51 years. Group II (n = 290) subjects with no MetS and mean age 54.97 ± 8.14 years. Patients filled the IIEF questionnaire, medical, personal history, and BMI data were tabulated. Metabolic syndrome was determined when three or more of the five risk factors were present according to the NCEP.
In Group I (79.4%) of the patients had erectile dysfunction (ED). Of these, 20.3% had mild, 22.5% had moderate, and 36.6% had severe ED and 30% of patients without MetS had ED. Of these, 17.2% had mild, 5.9% had moderate, and 6.9% had severe ED (p < .001; odds ratio 5.549; 95% CI 3.101-9.928). Patients with metabolic syndrome had lower IIEF-EF domain scores. Logistic regression analysis revealed that DM, dyslipidemia, age, and HTN were the most important criteria for ED in the MetS group (p < .01). While in the group without MetS, DM, HTN, HDL, and age were the most important risk factors (p < .01), and TG and BMI were less important.
MetS is a potential risk factor for ED in Egyptian men. Patients with MetS should be questioned about ED. The diabetic patients are most risky for ED.