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Prevalence of erectile dysfunction in Egyptian males with metabolic syndrome.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Determination of the potential effect of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on erectile function in Egyptian men and description of the sociodemographic characteristics of these men.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A cohort of 615 patients presenting to urology department aged between 30 and 75 years were prospectively assessed and divided into two groups. Group I (n = 325) diagnosed with MetS and mean age of 56.07 ± 8.51 years. Group II (n = 290) subjects with no MetS and mean age 54.97 ± 8.14 years. Patients filled the IIEF questionnaire, medical, personal history, and BMI data were tabulated. Metabolic syndrome was determined when three or more of the five risk factors were present according to the NCEP.

RESULTS

In Group I (79.4%) of the patients had erectile dysfunction (ED). Of these, 20.3% had mild, 22.5% had moderate, and 36.6% had severe ED and 30% of patients without MetS had ED. Of these, 17.2% had mild, 5.9% had moderate, and 6.9% had severe ED (p < .001; odds ratio 5.549; 95% CI 3.101-9.928). Patients with metabolic syndrome had lower IIEF-EF domain scores. Logistic regression analysis revealed that DM, dyslipidemia, age, and HTN were the most important criteria for ED in the MetS group (p < .01). While in the group without MetS, DM, HTN, HDL, and age were the most important risk factors (p < .01), and TG and BMI were less important.

CONCLUSIONS

MetS is a potential risk factor for ED in Egyptian men. Patients with MetS should be questioned about ED. The diabetic patients are most risky for ED.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    a Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine , University of Alexandria , Alexandria , Egypt.

    ,

    a Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine , University of Alexandria , Alexandria , Egypt.

    ,

    a Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine , University of Alexandria , Alexandria , Egypt.

    b Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine , University of Alexandria , Alexandria , Egypt.

    Source

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    29921153

    Citation

    Salama, Mohammed Nader, et al. "Prevalence of Erectile Dysfunction in Egyptian Males With Metabolic Syndrome." The Aging Male : the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male, 2018, pp. 1-7.
    Salama MN, Eid AA, Hatem A, et al. Prevalence of erectile dysfunction in Egyptian males with metabolic syndrome. Aging Male. 2018.
    Salama, M. N., Eid, A. A., Hatem, A., & Swidan, A. K. (2018). Prevalence of erectile dysfunction in Egyptian males with metabolic syndrome. The Aging Male : the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male, pp. 1-7. doi:10.1080/13685538.2018.1479736.
    Salama MN, et al. Prevalence of Erectile Dysfunction in Egyptian Males With Metabolic Syndrome. Aging Male. 2018 Jun 19;1-7. PubMed PMID: 29921153.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of erectile dysfunction in Egyptian males with metabolic syndrome. AU - Salama,Mohammed Nader, AU - Eid,Ahmed Abulfotooh, AU - Hatem,Alaa, AU - Swidan,Ahmed Kamal, Y1 - 2018/06/19/ PY - 2018/6/21/entrez PY - 2018/6/21/pubmed PY - 2018/6/21/medline KW - Erectile dysfunction KW - diabetes mellitus obesity KW - metabolic syndrome SP - 1 EP - 7 JF - The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male JO - Aging Male N2 - OBJECTIVES: Determination of the potential effect of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on erectile function in Egyptian men and description of the sociodemographic characteristics of these men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 615 patients presenting to urology department aged between 30 and 75 years were prospectively assessed and divided into two groups. Group I (n = 325) diagnosed with MetS and mean age of 56.07 ± 8.51 years. Group II (n = 290) subjects with no MetS and mean age 54.97 ± 8.14 years. Patients filled the IIEF questionnaire, medical, personal history, and BMI data were tabulated. Metabolic syndrome was determined when three or more of the five risk factors were present according to the NCEP. RESULTS: In Group I (79.4%) of the patients had erectile dysfunction (ED). Of these, 20.3% had mild, 22.5% had moderate, and 36.6% had severe ED and 30% of patients without MetS had ED. Of these, 17.2% had mild, 5.9% had moderate, and 6.9% had severe ED (p < .001; odds ratio 5.549; 95% CI 3.101-9.928). Patients with metabolic syndrome had lower IIEF-EF domain scores. Logistic regression analysis revealed that DM, dyslipidemia, age, and HTN were the most important criteria for ED in the MetS group (p < .01). While in the group without MetS, DM, HTN, HDL, and age were the most important risk factors (p < .01), and TG and BMI were less important. CONCLUSIONS: MetS is a potential risk factor for ED in Egyptian men. Patients with MetS should be questioned about ED. The diabetic patients are most risky for ED. SN - 1473-0790 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29921153/Prevalence_of_erectile_dysfunction_in_Egyptian_males_with_metabolic_syndrome_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13685538.2018.1479736 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -