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'For me it's about not feeling like I'm on a diet': a thematic analysis of women's experiences of an intermittent energy restricted diet to reduce breast cancer risk.
J Hum Nutr Diet. 2018 12; 31(6):773-780.JH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Weight-loss programmes requiring intermittent energy restriction offer an alternative to continuous energy restriction programmes that typically have low adherence. We reported greater weight loss, better adherence and spontaneous reduced energy intake on healthy eating days with intermittent as opposed to continuous energy restriction. The present study aims to explore why intermittent energy restriction diets exert these positive effects.

METHODS

Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 13 women aged 39-62 years, who followed a 4-month intermittent energy restriction (2 days of low energy/low carbohydrate, 5 days of healthy eating). Nine of the 13 women successfully lost >5% of their total body weight. Data were analysed using thematic analysis.

RESULTS

The intermittent regimen redefined the meaning of dieting and normal eating. Women reconceptualised dieting as only two low energy days per week, even though this often differed from their pre-diet eating patterns. Women reported that they could adhere more closely to the rules of the intermittent diet compared to previously attempted continuous diets. They found that the intermittent diet was less cognitively demanding because the restrictive and clear rules of the intermittent diet were easier to understand and easier to follow than with continuous dieting.

CONCLUSIONS

Many participants found intermittent dieting preferable to previous experiences of continuous dieting. The findings provide some insight into the ways in which intermittent dieting is successful, and why it could be considered a viable alternative to continuous energy restriction for weight loss.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nightingale and Prevent Breast Cancer Centre, Manchester University NHS Foundation trust, Wythenshawe, Manchester, UK.School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, West Midlands, UK.Nightingale and Prevent Breast Cancer Centre, Manchester University NHS Foundation trust, Wythenshawe, Manchester, UK.Manchester Centre for Health Psychology, School of Psychological Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.Nightingale and Prevent Breast Cancer Centre, Manchester University NHS Foundation trust, Wythenshawe, Manchester, UK. Genomic Medicine, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, University of Manchester and Central Manchester Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK. The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Withington, Manchester, UK.Nightingale and Prevent Breast Cancer Centre, Manchester University NHS Foundation trust, Wythenshawe, Manchester, UK. The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Withington, Manchester, UK.Nightingale and Prevent Breast Cancer Centre, Manchester University NHS Foundation trust, Wythenshawe, Manchester, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29926996

Citation

Donnelly, L S., et al. "'For Me It's About Not Feeling Like I'm On a Diet': a Thematic Analysis of Women's Experiences of an Intermittent Energy Restricted Diet to Reduce Breast Cancer Risk." Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, vol. 31, no. 6, 2018, pp. 773-780.
Donnelly LS, Shaw RL, Pegington M, et al. 'For me it's about not feeling like I'm on a diet': a thematic analysis of women's experiences of an intermittent energy restricted diet to reduce breast cancer risk. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2018;31(6):773-780.
Donnelly, L. S., Shaw, R. L., Pegington, M., Armitage, C. J., Evans, D. G., Howell, A., & Harvie, M. N. (2018). 'For me it's about not feeling like I'm on a diet': a thematic analysis of women's experiences of an intermittent energy restricted diet to reduce breast cancer risk. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, 31(6), 773-780. https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12571
Donnelly LS, et al. 'For Me It's About Not Feeling Like I'm On a Diet': a Thematic Analysis of Women's Experiences of an Intermittent Energy Restricted Diet to Reduce Breast Cancer Risk. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2018;31(6):773-780. PubMed PMID: 29926996.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - 'For me it's about not feeling like I'm on a diet': a thematic analysis of women's experiences of an intermittent energy restricted diet to reduce breast cancer risk. AU - Donnelly,L S, AU - Shaw,R L, AU - Pegington,M, AU - Armitage,C J, AU - Evans,D G, AU - Howell,A, AU - Harvie,M N, Y1 - 2018/06/21/ PY - 2018/6/22/pubmed PY - 2019/10/30/medline PY - 2018/6/22/entrez KW - experience KW - intermittent diet KW - interviews KW - qualitative KW - thematic analysis SP - 773 EP - 780 JF - Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association JO - J Hum Nutr Diet VL - 31 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Weight-loss programmes requiring intermittent energy restriction offer an alternative to continuous energy restriction programmes that typically have low adherence. We reported greater weight loss, better adherence and spontaneous reduced energy intake on healthy eating days with intermittent as opposed to continuous energy restriction. The present study aims to explore why intermittent energy restriction diets exert these positive effects. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 13 women aged 39-62 years, who followed a 4-month intermittent energy restriction (2 days of low energy/low carbohydrate, 5 days of healthy eating). Nine of the 13 women successfully lost >5% of their total body weight. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: The intermittent regimen redefined the meaning of dieting and normal eating. Women reconceptualised dieting as only two low energy days per week, even though this often differed from their pre-diet eating patterns. Women reported that they could adhere more closely to the rules of the intermittent diet compared to previously attempted continuous diets. They found that the intermittent diet was less cognitively demanding because the restrictive and clear rules of the intermittent diet were easier to understand and easier to follow than with continuous dieting. CONCLUSIONS: Many participants found intermittent dieting preferable to previous experiences of continuous dieting. The findings provide some insight into the ways in which intermittent dieting is successful, and why it could be considered a viable alternative to continuous energy restriction for weight loss. SN - 1365-277X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29926996/'For_me_it's_about_not_feeling_like_I'm_on_a_diet':_a_thematic_analysis_of_women's_experiences_of_an_intermittent_energy_restricted_diet_to_reduce_breast_cancer_risk_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12571 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -