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Understanding the social context of adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury.
J Clin Psychol. 2018 12; 74(12):2107-2116.JC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Research investigating the social context of adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been limited. We therefore examined social characteristics of NSSI, such as knowledge of friends' NSSI and the role friends play in continuing NSSI, and their relationships to other known NSSI correlates, such as suicidality.

METHOD

We assessed NSSI characteristics, including social features, in a community sample of 89 self-injuring adolescents. We also assessed psychosocial correlates of NSSI, including impulsivity, self-concept, and psychiatric symptoms.

RESULTS

Knowledge of friends' NSSI was relatively common among self-injurers. In addition, knowledge of friends' NSSI was associated with use of more NSSI methods, cutting behaviors, and suicidal ideation, but not with other NSSI correlates. However, teaching or encouragement of NSSI by friends was rare.

CONCLUSIONS

Knowledge of friends' NSSI may serve as marker of increased severity among adolescent self-injurers. These findings have implications for identifying and intervening with high-risk self-injuring youth.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29931667

Citation

Victor, Sarah E., and Elisha David Klonsky. "Understanding the Social Context of Adolescent Nonsuicidal Self-injury." Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 74, no. 12, 2018, pp. 2107-2116.
Victor SE, Klonsky ED. Understanding the social context of adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury. J Clin Psychol. 2018;74(12):2107-2116.
Victor, S. E., & Klonsky, E. D. (2018). Understanding the social context of adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 74(12), 2107-2116. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22657
Victor SE, Klonsky ED. Understanding the Social Context of Adolescent Nonsuicidal Self-injury. J Clin Psychol. 2018;74(12):2107-2116. PubMed PMID: 29931667.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Understanding the social context of adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury. AU - Victor,Sarah E, AU - Klonsky,Elisha David, Y1 - 2018/06/22/ PY - 2017/07/07/received PY - 2018/05/18/revised PY - 2018/06/05/accepted PY - 2018/6/23/pubmed PY - 2019/11/8/medline PY - 2018/6/23/entrez KW - adolescents KW - nonsuicidal self-injury KW - social KW - suicide SP - 2107 EP - 2116 JF - Journal of clinical psychology JO - J Clin Psychol VL - 74 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Research investigating the social context of adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been limited. We therefore examined social characteristics of NSSI, such as knowledge of friends' NSSI and the role friends play in continuing NSSI, and their relationships to other known NSSI correlates, such as suicidality. METHOD: We assessed NSSI characteristics, including social features, in a community sample of 89 self-injuring adolescents. We also assessed psychosocial correlates of NSSI, including impulsivity, self-concept, and psychiatric symptoms. RESULTS: Knowledge of friends' NSSI was relatively common among self-injurers. In addition, knowledge of friends' NSSI was associated with use of more NSSI methods, cutting behaviors, and suicidal ideation, but not with other NSSI correlates. However, teaching or encouragement of NSSI by friends was rare. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of friends' NSSI may serve as marker of increased severity among adolescent self-injurers. These findings have implications for identifying and intervening with high-risk self-injuring youth. SN - 1097-4679 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29931667/Understanding_the_social_context_of_adolescent_nonsuicidal_self_injury_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22657 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -