Circulation of Chikungunya virus in Aedes aegypti in Maranhão, Northeast Brazil.Acta Trop. 2018 Oct; 186:1-4.AT
The simultaneous circulation of Dengue virus (DENV), Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Zika virus (ZIKV) arboviruses have placed Brazil among the main worldwide endemic areas. Brazilian Northeast region concentrates the highest incidence of infections caused by CHIKV and ZIKV. In Maranhão, the second biggest northeastern state, there are cases of human infections caused by these three arboviruses and presence of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus vectors. In this context, this study aimed to investigate the circulation of CHIKV, DENV and ZIKV in Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes collected in urban areas of Barra do Corda, Caxias, Codó, São Luís and São Mateus do Maranhão municipalities in the state of Maranhão through Quantitative Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) technique. 428 Ae. aegypti and 1 Ae. albopictus were collected, which formed 44 pools. Three of these showed positive results for CHIKV: AR832767 (five Ae. aegypti female collected in Caxias), AR832784 and AR832785 (both composed of 20 Ae. aegypti female collected in São Mateus do Maranhão). This study consolidates information about CHIKV circulation in state of Maranhão, as well as the role of Ae. aegypti in the transmission of CHIKV in urban area.