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Effect of Sanhuangyilong decoction plus methotrexate on tumor necrosis factor alpha and interferon gamma in serum and synovial fluid in rheumatoid arthritis patients with symptom pattern of damp heat obstruction.
J Tradit Chin Med 2016; 36(5):625-33JT

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the effect of Sanhuangyilong decoction plus methotrexate (MTX) on Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in the serum and synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with damp-heat-obstruction symptom pattern, Sanhuangyilong decoction and the role of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the development of RA.

METHODS

RA inpatients with damp-heat-obstruction symptom pattern (partly with knee joint effusion) were selected as the research subjects. Before the treatment, healthy subjects and osteoarthritis (OA) patients with knee joint effusion were assigned to the serum control group and the synovial fluid control group, respectively; during the treatment, RA patients with damp-heat-obstruction symptom pattern were divided into two groups: one is combined group that was administered Sanhuangyilong decoction plus MTX; the other group was MTX group that received MTX only. The expression levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the serum and synovial fluid were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) before and after the treatment, and the peripheral blood levels of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28) were determined.

RESULTS

Before treatment, the serum levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the RA patients with dampheat- obstruction symptom pattern were higher than those in healthy control group (P < 0.05).The expression levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the synovial fluid of the RA patients were higher than those in the serum of the RA patients (P < 0.05). The expression levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the synovial fluid of the RA patients were higher than those of the synovial fluid of the osteoarthritis patients (P < 0.05). The expression of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the serum and synovial fluid of the RA patients had no correlation with the inflammatory activity index ESR, CRP, or DAS28 (P > 0.05). After 2 weeks of treatment, the expression level of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the combined group had increased, although the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05); in contrast, ESR, CRP, and DAS28 decreased, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). After 4 weeks of therapy, TNF-alpha and IFN-γ, ESR, CRP, and DAS28 in the combined group decreased compared with the before-treatment levels (P < 0.01). After 2 w of treatment, the differences in the TNF-α and IFN-γ expression levels in the combined group were not statistically significant (P > 0.05) compared with that in the MTX group, although there were statistically significant differences in the ESR, CRP, and DAS28 (P < 0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment, differences in TNF-α, IFN-γ, ESR, CRP, and DAS28 in the combined group compared with MTX group were statistically significant (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION

TNF-α and IFN-γ might be involved in the development of RA. The RA patients with damp-heat-obstruction symptom pattern show better benefits from the treatment of Sanhuangyilong decoction plus MTX, and the treatment is superior to that of using MTX only.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29933531

Citation

Liu, Defang, et al. "Effect of Sanhuangyilong Decoction Plus Methotrexate On Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha and Interferon Gamma in Serum and Synovial Fluid in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients With Symptom Pattern of Damp Heat Obstruction." Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung I Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan, vol. 36, no. 5, 2016, pp. 625-33.
Liu D, Yan J, Yun M, et al. Effect of Sanhuangyilong decoction plus methotrexate on tumor necrosis factor alpha and interferon gamma in serum and synovial fluid in rheumatoid arthritis patients with symptom pattern of damp heat obstruction. J Tradit Chin Med. 2016;36(5):625-33.
Liu, D., Yan, J., Yun, M., Yang, M., Luo, Y., Zhang, J., ... Hu, Y. (2016). Effect of Sanhuangyilong decoction plus methotrexate on tumor necrosis factor alpha and interferon gamma in serum and synovial fluid in rheumatoid arthritis patients with symptom pattern of damp heat obstruction. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung I Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan, 36(5), pp. 625-33.
Liu D, et al. Effect of Sanhuangyilong Decoction Plus Methotrexate On Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha and Interferon Gamma in Serum and Synovial Fluid in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients With Symptom Pattern of Damp Heat Obstruction. J Tradit Chin Med. 2016;36(5):625-33. PubMed PMID: 29933531.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Sanhuangyilong decoction plus methotrexate on tumor necrosis factor alpha and interferon gamma in serum and synovial fluid in rheumatoid arthritis patients with symptom pattern of damp heat obstruction. AU - Liu,Defang, AU - Yan,Jiao, AU - Yun,Mingdong, AU - Yang,Ming, AU - Luo,Yong, AU - Zhang,Jun, AU - Guo,Mingyang, AU - Yang,Mei, AU - Yuan,Weili, AU - Zou,Wei, AU - Li,Hua, AU - Hu,Yonghe, PY - 2018/6/23/entrez PY - 2016/10/1/pubmed PY - 2016/10/1/medline SP - 625 EP - 33 JF - Journal of traditional Chinese medicine = Chung i tsa chih ying wen pan JO - J Tradit Chin Med VL - 36 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Sanhuangyilong decoction plus methotrexate (MTX) on Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in the serum and synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with damp-heat-obstruction symptom pattern, Sanhuangyilong decoction and the role of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the development of RA. METHODS: RA inpatients with damp-heat-obstruction symptom pattern (partly with knee joint effusion) were selected as the research subjects. Before the treatment, healthy subjects and osteoarthritis (OA) patients with knee joint effusion were assigned to the serum control group and the synovial fluid control group, respectively; during the treatment, RA patients with damp-heat-obstruction symptom pattern were divided into two groups: one is combined group that was administered Sanhuangyilong decoction plus MTX; the other group was MTX group that received MTX only. The expression levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the serum and synovial fluid were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) before and after the treatment, and the peripheral blood levels of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28) were determined. RESULTS: Before treatment, the serum levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the RA patients with dampheat- obstruction symptom pattern were higher than those in healthy control group (P < 0.05).The expression levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the synovial fluid of the RA patients were higher than those in the serum of the RA patients (P < 0.05). The expression levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the synovial fluid of the RA patients were higher than those of the synovial fluid of the osteoarthritis patients (P < 0.05). The expression of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the serum and synovial fluid of the RA patients had no correlation with the inflammatory activity index ESR, CRP, or DAS28 (P > 0.05). After 2 weeks of treatment, the expression level of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the combined group had increased, although the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05); in contrast, ESR, CRP, and DAS28 decreased, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). After 4 weeks of therapy, TNF-alpha and IFN-γ, ESR, CRP, and DAS28 in the combined group decreased compared with the before-treatment levels (P < 0.01). After 2 w of treatment, the differences in the TNF-α and IFN-γ expression levels in the combined group were not statistically significant (P > 0.05) compared with that in the MTX group, although there were statistically significant differences in the ESR, CRP, and DAS28 (P < 0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment, differences in TNF-α, IFN-γ, ESR, CRP, and DAS28 in the combined group compared with MTX group were statistically significant (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: TNF-α and IFN-γ might be involved in the development of RA. The RA patients with damp-heat-obstruction symptom pattern show better benefits from the treatment of Sanhuangyilong decoction plus MTX, and the treatment is superior to that of using MTX only. SN - 0255-2922 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29933531/Effect_of_Sanhuangyilong_decoction_plus_methotrexate_on_tumor_necrosis_factor_alpha_and_interferon_gamma_in_serum_and_synovial_fluid_in_rheumatoid_arthritis_patients_with_symptom_pattern_of_damp_heat_obstruction_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/592 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -