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Impact of child and informant gender on parent and teacher ratings of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Psychol Assess. 2018 Oct; 30(10):1390-1394.PA

Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scales typically provide normative tables arranged according to child age, child gender, and type of informant, which facilitates addressing the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders developmental deviance requirement for diagnosing ADHD. Missing, however, is any consideration of the gender of the informant. The purpose of this paper was to conduct an exploratory examination of informant gender via secondary analyses of a large data set used to standardize the ADHD Rating Scale-5. Two (informant gender) by two (child gender) ANOVAs were conducted separately for parents and teachers using inattention (IN) symptoms, hyperactive-impulsive (HI) symptoms, the total impairment score related to IN, and the total impairment score for HI as dependent variables. Results showed that female parents rated male children significantly higher on both IN symptoms and impairment related to IN than did male parents. Female teacher ratings were also significantly higher than male teacher ratings for male children in terms of HI symptoms and with respect to impairment ratings related to both HI and IN. A significantly higher percentage of female parents (7.7%) identified male children as being at risk for ADHD relative to male parents (4.1%). This same pattern emerged for female teachers (11.9%) versus male teachers (5.3%). Such results suggest that informant gender may play a clinically meaningful role in assessing ADHD in children and adolescents, which is consistent with the developmental literature addressing gender stereotypes in children. Future research is needed to determine whether similar informant gender differences exist in other rating scale measures of ADHD. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of North Carolina at Greensboro.Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of North Carolina at Greensboro.Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of North Carolina at Greensboro.Department of Special Education and Communication Disorders, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.Department of Education and Human Services, Lehigh University.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29939050

Citation

Anastopoulos, Arthur D., et al. "Impact of Child and Informant Gender On Parent and Teacher Ratings of Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder." Psychological Assessment, vol. 30, no. 10, 2018, pp. 1390-1394.
Anastopoulos AD, Beal KK, Reid RJ, et al. Impact of child and informant gender on parent and teacher ratings of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Psychol Assess. 2018;30(10):1390-1394.
Anastopoulos, A. D., Beal, K. K., Reid, R. J., Reid, R., Power, T. J., & DuPaul, G. J. (2018). Impact of child and informant gender on parent and teacher ratings of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Psychological Assessment, 30(10), 1390-1394. https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000627
Anastopoulos AD, et al. Impact of Child and Informant Gender On Parent and Teacher Ratings of Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder. Psychol Assess. 2018;30(10):1390-1394. PubMed PMID: 29939050.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of child and informant gender on parent and teacher ratings of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. AU - Anastopoulos,Arthur D, AU - Beal,Kaicee K, AU - Reid,Rachel J, AU - Reid,Robert, AU - Power,Thomas J, AU - DuPaul,George J, Y1 - 2018/06/25/ PY - 2018/6/26/pubmed PY - 2019/1/8/medline PY - 2018/6/26/entrez SP - 1390 EP - 1394 JF - Psychological assessment JO - Psychol Assess VL - 30 IS - 10 N2 - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scales typically provide normative tables arranged according to child age, child gender, and type of informant, which facilitates addressing the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders developmental deviance requirement for diagnosing ADHD. Missing, however, is any consideration of the gender of the informant. The purpose of this paper was to conduct an exploratory examination of informant gender via secondary analyses of a large data set used to standardize the ADHD Rating Scale-5. Two (informant gender) by two (child gender) ANOVAs were conducted separately for parents and teachers using inattention (IN) symptoms, hyperactive-impulsive (HI) symptoms, the total impairment score related to IN, and the total impairment score for HI as dependent variables. Results showed that female parents rated male children significantly higher on both IN symptoms and impairment related to IN than did male parents. Female teacher ratings were also significantly higher than male teacher ratings for male children in terms of HI symptoms and with respect to impairment ratings related to both HI and IN. A significantly higher percentage of female parents (7.7%) identified male children as being at risk for ADHD relative to male parents (4.1%). This same pattern emerged for female teachers (11.9%) versus male teachers (5.3%). Such results suggest that informant gender may play a clinically meaningful role in assessing ADHD in children and adolescents, which is consistent with the developmental literature addressing gender stereotypes in children. Future research is needed to determine whether similar informant gender differences exist in other rating scale measures of ADHD. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved). SN - 1939-134X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29939050/Impact_of_child_and_informant_gender_on_parent_and_teacher_ratings_of_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/pas/30/10/1390 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -