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Contemporary Dietary Intake: Too Much Sodium, Not Enough Potassium, yet Sufficient Iodine: The SALMEX Cohort Results.
Nutrients. 2018 Jun 25; 10(7)N

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nephrology and Mineral Metabolism Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City 14080, Mexico. olynkavega@hotmail.com.Nephrology and Mineral Metabolism Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City 14080, Mexico. jorgefonseca84@hotmail.com.Nephrology and Mineral Metabolism Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City 14080, Mexico. angelesmendozag@gmail.com.Nephrology and Mineral Metabolism Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City 14080, Mexico. rinconpedrero@gmail.com.Nephrology and Mineral Metabolism Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City 14080, Mexico. angeles.espinosac@incmnsz.mx.Nephrology and Mineral Metabolism Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City 14080, Mexico. drayolandabaeza@hotmail.com.Nutrition Division, Bureau for Global Health, US Agency for International Development, Washington, DC 20004-4810, USA. omardaryphn@gmail.com.Nephrology and Mineral Metabolism Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City 14080, Mexico. herrerobertha@hotmail.com.Nephrology and Mineral Metabolism Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City 14080, Mexico. iris.nanaya@hotmail.com.Nephrology and Mineral Metabolism Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City 14080, Mexico. correarotter@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29941792

Citation

Vega-Vega, Olynka, et al. "Contemporary Dietary Intake: Too Much Sodium, Not Enough Potassium, yet Sufficient Iodine: the SALMEX Cohort Results." Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 7, 2018.
Vega-Vega O, Fonseca-Correa JI, Mendoza-De la Garza A, et al. Contemporary Dietary Intake: Too Much Sodium, Not Enough Potassium, yet Sufficient Iodine: The SALMEX Cohort Results. Nutrients. 2018;10(7).
Vega-Vega, O., Fonseca-Correa, J. I., Mendoza-De la Garza, A., Rincón-Pedrero, R., Espinosa-Cuevas, A., Baeza-Arias, Y., Dary, O., Herrero-Bervera, B., Nieves-Anaya, I., & Correa-Rotter, R. (2018). Contemporary Dietary Intake: Too Much Sodium, Not Enough Potassium, yet Sufficient Iodine: The SALMEX Cohort Results. Nutrients, 10(7). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070816
Vega-Vega O, et al. Contemporary Dietary Intake: Too Much Sodium, Not Enough Potassium, yet Sufficient Iodine: the SALMEX Cohort Results. Nutrients. 2018 Jun 25;10(7) PubMed PMID: 29941792.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Contemporary Dietary Intake: Too Much Sodium, Not Enough Potassium, yet Sufficient Iodine: The SALMEX Cohort Results. AU - Vega-Vega,Olynka, AU - Fonseca-Correa,Jorge I, AU - Mendoza-De la Garza,Angeles, AU - Rincón-Pedrero,Rodolfo, AU - Espinosa-Cuevas,Angeles, AU - Baeza-Arias,Yolanda, AU - Dary,Omar, AU - Herrero-Bervera,Bertha, AU - Nieves-Anaya,Iris, AU - Correa-Rotter,Ricardo, Y1 - 2018/06/25/ PY - 2018/05/29/received PY - 2018/06/15/revised PY - 2018/06/22/accepted PY - 2018/6/27/entrez PY - 2018/6/27/pubmed PY - 2018/10/24/medline KW - iodine intake KW - salt intake KW - sodium-potassium ratio JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 10 IS - 7 N2 - Initiatives to reduce sodium intake are encouraged globally, yet there is concern about compromised iodine intake supplied through salt. The aim of the present study was to determine baseline sodium, potassium, and iodine intake in a sample of workers from our Institution in Mexico City (SALMEX Cohort). Methods. From a cohort of 1009 workers, appropriate 24-h urine and three-day dietary recall was collected in a sample of 727 adult subjects for assessment of urinary sodium, potassium, and iodine concentrations. Median urinary iodine excretion (UIE) was compared across categories of sodium intake of <2, 2⁻3.6, and ≥3.6 g/day. Results. Average sodium intake was 3.49 ± 1.38 g/day; higher in men than women (4.14 vs. 3.11 g/day, p &le;0.001). Only 10.6% of the population had sodium intake within the recommended range (<2 g/day); 45.4% had high (2⁻3.6 g/day) and 44% had excessive intake (>3.6 g/day). Average urinary Na/K ratio was 3.15 ± 1.22 (ideal < 1), higher in men (3.42 vs. 3.0, p &le; 0.001). The multivariate analysis showed that sodium intake was associated with age (p = 0.03), male sex (p < 0.001), caloric intake (p = 0.002), UKE (p < 0.001) and BMI (p < 0.001). Median iodine intake was 286.7 µg/day (IQR 215⁻370 µg/day). Less than 2% of subjects had iodine intake lower than recommended for adults (95 µg/day); 1.3% of subjects in the recommended range of salt intake had low iodine intake. There is a direct relationship between iodine and sodium urinary excretion (r = 0.57, p < 0.0001). Conclusions. In the studied population, there was an excessive sodium intake and an imbalance between sodium and potassium intake. Only 10.6% of the population had sodium intake within the recommended values, but iodine intake in this group appears to be adequate. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29941792/Contemporary_Dietary_Intake:_Too_Much_Sodium_Not_Enough_Potassium_yet_Sufficient_Iodine:_The_SALMEX_Cohort_Results_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu10070816 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -