Sclerostin and parathyroid hormone responses to acute whole-body vibration and resistance exercise in young women.J Bone Miner Metab. 2019 Mar; 37(2):358-367.JB
Whole-body vibration (WBV) has been shown to improve bone mineral density, and muscle strength and power. No studies to date have examined sclerostin and parathyroid hormone (PTH) responses to WBV combined with resistance exercise (RE). This randomized crossover study compared acute serum sclerostin and PTH responses to RE and WBV + RE in young women (n = 9) taking oral contraceptives. Participants were exposed to 5 1-min bouts of vibration (20 Hz, 3.38 peak-peak displacement, separated by 1 min of rest) before high intensity resistance exercise. Fasting blood samples were obtained before (PRE), immediately after WBV (POSTWBV), immediately post RE (IP) and 30 min post RE (30P). Pre-exercise sclerostin and PTH levels were not significantly different between conditions. Sclerostin levels significantly (p < 0.05) increased from PRE to IP for the WBV + RE condition, then decreased back to the pre-exercise level. PTH significantly decreased from PRE to 30P (p < 0.05) and IP to 30P (p < 0.01) for both conditions. Correcting for hemoconcentration eliminated the significant sclerostin responses, but the significant decrease in PTH remained (p < 0.05). There were no significant relationships found between sclerostin and PTH. In conclusion, sclerostin concentrations increased in response to the WBV + RE condition, which may have been mediated by plasma volume shifts. There was no transient PTH increase, but it showed a large decrease at 30P for both conditions. Based on these findings, the addition of WBV exposures prior to high intensity RE did not alter sclerostin and PTH responses to RE in young women.