[Distribution Characteristics and Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in a Soil-Rice System in an E-waste Dismantling Area].Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2018 Feb 08; 39(2):916-926.HJ
This study selected Guiyu Town, Guangdong Province as the research area, the content of 15 kinds of metals (As, Be, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Li, Mn, Ni, Sb, Sn, Pb, V, and Zn) in the soil was determined, and the content of heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, and Zn in the rice of this research area was identified. Multivariate statistical analysis and a human health risk assessment model were used to investigate the distribution characteristics and health risk of heavy metals in a soil-rice system. The results showed that Hg, Sb, and Sn in the surface soil surrounding the electronic waste dismantling area have obvious accumulation effect. The average content of Cd and Hg exceeds the Ⅱ standard limit of the "Environmental Quality Standard for Soil" (GB 156182-1995), and that Guiyu Town is more seriously polluted than Chendian Town and Simapu Town. The multivariate statistical analysis showed that Cu, Sb, Ni, Zn, Sn, Pb, and Hg originated from the surrounding electronic waste dismantling activities, Cd and Be originated from other man-made sources of pollution, and V, Li, Cr, Co, As, and Mn originated from natural sources. Heavy metal evaluation concentration in the soil-rice system by heavy metal migration accumulated in rice are in compliance with national food hygiene standards, and the enrichment ability is Cd > Zn > Cu > Ni > As > Cr > Hg > Pb. Soil heavy metal health risk assessment results showed that children are more susceptible to heavy metal pollution, and handling-oral ingestion is the main way of soil exposure risk. The non-carcinogenic risk and carcinogenic risk of heavy metals in the soil of each town are acceptable. The health risk in Guiyu Town through ingestion of rice is mainly from the elements that include As, Cr, Cu, and Ni.