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The Role of Nutrition in Cognitive Function and Brain Ageing in the Elderly.
Curr Nutr Rep. 2018 09; 7(3):139-149.CN

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW

The purposes of this review were to examine literature published over the last 5 years and to evaluate the role of nutrition in cognitive function and brain ageing, focussing on the Mediterranean diet (MeDi), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diets.

RECENT FINDINGS

Results suggest that higher adherence to a healthy dietary pattern is associated with preservation of brain structure and function as well as slower cognitive decline, with the MIND diet substantially slowing cognitive decline, over and above the MeDi and DASH diets. Whilst results to-date suggest adherence to a healthy diet, such as the MeDi, DASH, or MIND, is an important modifiable risk factor in the quest to develop strategies aimed at increasing likelihood of healthy brain ageing, further work is required to develop dietary guidelines with the greatest potential benefit for public health; a research topic of increasing importance as the world's population ages.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre of Excellence for Alzheimer's Disease Research & Care, School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, WA, Australia. Australian Alzheimer's Research Foundation (Hollywood Private Hospital), Perth, WA, Australia.Centre of Excellence for Alzheimer's Disease Research & Care, School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, WA, Australia. s.rainey-smith@ecu.edu.au. Australian Alzheimer's Research Foundation (Hollywood Private Hospital), Perth, WA, Australia. s.rainey-smith@ecu.edu.au.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29974344

Citation

Gardener, Samantha L., and Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith. "The Role of Nutrition in Cognitive Function and Brain Ageing in the Elderly." Current Nutrition Reports, vol. 7, no. 3, 2018, pp. 139-149.
Gardener SL, Rainey-Smith SR. The Role of Nutrition in Cognitive Function and Brain Ageing in the Elderly. Curr Nutr Rep. 2018;7(3):139-149.
Gardener, S. L., & Rainey-Smith, S. R. (2018). The Role of Nutrition in Cognitive Function and Brain Ageing in the Elderly. Current Nutrition Reports, 7(3), 139-149. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13668-018-0229-y
Gardener SL, Rainey-Smith SR. The Role of Nutrition in Cognitive Function and Brain Ageing in the Elderly. Curr Nutr Rep. 2018;7(3):139-149. PubMed PMID: 29974344.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Role of Nutrition in Cognitive Function and Brain Ageing in the Elderly. AU - Gardener,Samantha L, AU - Rainey-Smith,Stephanie R, PY - 2018/7/6/pubmed PY - 2019/7/30/medline PY - 2018/7/6/entrez KW - Ageing KW - Alzheimer’s disease KW - Amyloid beta KW - Brain volume KW - Cognition KW - Cognitive decline KW - DASH diet KW - Diet KW - Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet KW - Dietary patterns KW - Glucose metabolism KW - MIND diet KW - MRI KW - Magnetic resonance imaging KW - MeDi KW - Mediterranean diet KW - Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay diet KW - Nutrition SP - 139 EP - 149 JF - Current nutrition reports JO - Curr Nutr Rep VL - 7 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purposes of this review were to examine literature published over the last 5 years and to evaluate the role of nutrition in cognitive function and brain ageing, focussing on the Mediterranean diet (MeDi), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diets. RECENT FINDINGS: Results suggest that higher adherence to a healthy dietary pattern is associated with preservation of brain structure and function as well as slower cognitive decline, with the MIND diet substantially slowing cognitive decline, over and above the MeDi and DASH diets. Whilst results to-date suggest adherence to a healthy diet, such as the MeDi, DASH, or MIND, is an important modifiable risk factor in the quest to develop strategies aimed at increasing likelihood of healthy brain ageing, further work is required to develop dietary guidelines with the greatest potential benefit for public health; a research topic of increasing importance as the world's population ages. SN - 2161-3311 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29974344/The_Role_of_Nutrition_in_Cognitive_Function_and_Brain_Ageing_in_the_Elderly_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/olderadulthealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -