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Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea and its relationship with body mass index.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2018 Sep; 44(9):1773-1778.JO

Abstract

AIM

To identify the association between primary dysmenorrhea (PD) and body mass index (BMI).

METHODS

This cross sectional study was conducted on 370 female students (aged 18-25 years) of Immam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University Dammam, from March 2016 till March 2017. Pretested dysmenorrhea questionnaire was filled by the students. Weight and heights of the subjects were measured, and BMI was calculated. Based on BMI, subjects were divided into four groups (underweight [UW], normal weight, overweight and obese [OB]). Subjects were also categorized into mild, moderate and severe dysmenorrhic groups based on numeric pain relating scale. SPSS version 20.0 was used to analyze the data.

RESULTS

This study showed that 85.7% of the students were suffering from PD, out of which 12.7% had mild, 65.6% had moderate and 8.4% had severe dysmenorrhea. In total, 54.5% of the students mentioned that dysmenorrhea interferes with their daily activities. Whereas 55.8% of the students mentioned that they got pain relief by using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Pair wise comparison of dysmenorrhea between different BMI groups showed a statistically significant difference in the frequency of moderate and severe dysmenorrhea between UW and OB subjects (P values 0.003 and 0.06) respectively, indicating that UW females are at a higher risk of having PD.

CONCLUSION

This study indicates a higher prevalence of moderate and severe dysmenorrhea in UW as compared to the OB subjects. We recommend further studies to explore the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for this association.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Immam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Immam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Medical Education Department, King Fahad University Hospital, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29974566

Citation

Rafique, Nazish, and Mona H. Al-Sheikh. "Prevalence of Primary Dysmenorrhea and Its Relationship With Body Mass Index." The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol. 44, no. 9, 2018, pp. 1773-1778.
Rafique N, Al-Sheikh MH. Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea and its relationship with body mass index. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2018;44(9):1773-1778.
Rafique, N., & Al-Sheikh, M. H. (2018). Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea and its relationship with body mass index. The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 44(9), 1773-1778. https://doi.org/10.1111/jog.13697
Rafique N, Al-Sheikh MH. Prevalence of Primary Dysmenorrhea and Its Relationship With Body Mass Index. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2018;44(9):1773-1778. PubMed PMID: 29974566.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea and its relationship with body mass index. AU - Rafique,Nazish, AU - Al-Sheikh,Mona H, Y1 - 2018/07/05/ PY - 2018/01/23/received PY - 2018/05/20/accepted PY - 2018/7/6/pubmed PY - 2019/1/4/medline PY - 2018/7/6/entrez KW - body mass index KW - prevalence KW - primary dysmenorrhea SP - 1773 EP - 1778 JF - The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research JO - J Obstet Gynaecol Res VL - 44 IS - 9 N2 - AIM: To identify the association between primary dysmenorrhea (PD) and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted on 370 female students (aged 18-25 years) of Immam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University Dammam, from March 2016 till March 2017. Pretested dysmenorrhea questionnaire was filled by the students. Weight and heights of the subjects were measured, and BMI was calculated. Based on BMI, subjects were divided into four groups (underweight [UW], normal weight, overweight and obese [OB]). Subjects were also categorized into mild, moderate and severe dysmenorrhic groups based on numeric pain relating scale. SPSS version 20.0 was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: This study showed that 85.7% of the students were suffering from PD, out of which 12.7% had mild, 65.6% had moderate and 8.4% had severe dysmenorrhea. In total, 54.5% of the students mentioned that dysmenorrhea interferes with their daily activities. Whereas 55.8% of the students mentioned that they got pain relief by using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Pair wise comparison of dysmenorrhea between different BMI groups showed a statistically significant difference in the frequency of moderate and severe dysmenorrhea between UW and OB subjects (P values 0.003 and 0.06) respectively, indicating that UW females are at a higher risk of having PD. CONCLUSION: This study indicates a higher prevalence of moderate and severe dysmenorrhea in UW as compared to the OB subjects. We recommend further studies to explore the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for this association. SN - 1447-0756 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29974566/Prevalence_of_primary_dysmenorrhea_and_its_relationship_with_body_mass_index_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -