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Anemia among School-Age Children: Magnitude, Severity and Associated Factors in Pawe Town, Benishangul-Gumuz Region, Northwest Ethiopia.
Ethiop J Health Sci. 2018 May; 28(3):259-266.EJ

Abstract

Background

Anemia is a global public health problem associated with increased mortality and morbidity. The cause of anemia in school-age children is multifactorial and has been associated with delayed psychomotor development, poor cognitive performance, impaired immunity and decrease working capacity. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude, severity and determinant factors of anemia among school-age children (5-15 years) in Pawe Town, Northwest Ethiopia.

Methods

A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 20 to June 19, 2015 in Pawe Town. A total of 422 school-age children were included in this study. Sociodemographic and related data were collected using structured questionnaire. Anthropometric data were collected from each study participant. Hemoglobin concentration was measured using HemoCue® Hb 201+ System (HemoCue, Angelholm, Sweden). Blood film for malaria diagnoses and stool examination for intestinal parasites were also performed. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0.

Results

The overall prevalence of anemia among school-age children was 33.9%. Mothers' illiteracy (AOR=7.5, 95% CI: 2.6-16.3), being from a family with low income (AOR=4.8, 95% CI: 1.3-10.9), being stunted (AOR=7.1, 95% CI: 2.9-11.9), being underweight (AOR=5.3, 95% CI: 2.1-13.3), infection with intestinal parasites (AOR=5.2, 95% CI: 2.1-12.6), and malaria infection (AOR=8.2, 95% CI: 1.8-14.5) were identified as associated factors of anemia.

Conclusion

In this study, anemia is a moderate public health problem among school-age children. School health strategies and interventions targeting nutritional deficiencies and parasitic infections might be very important.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departemnt of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Health Science, Assosa University, Assosa, Ethiopia.School of Medical Laboratory Science, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.School of Medical Laboratory Science, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29983525

Citation

Birhanu, Muluken, et al. "Anemia Among School-Age Children: Magnitude, Severity and Associated Factors in Pawe Town, Benishangul-Gumuz Region, Northwest Ethiopia." Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, vol. 28, no. 3, 2018, pp. 259-266.
Birhanu M, Gedefaw L, Asres Y. Anemia among School-Age Children: Magnitude, Severity and Associated Factors in Pawe Town, Benishangul-Gumuz Region, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2018;28(3):259-266.
Birhanu, M., Gedefaw, L., & Asres, Y. (2018). Anemia among School-Age Children: Magnitude, Severity and Associated Factors in Pawe Town, Benishangul-Gumuz Region, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 28(3), 259-266. https://doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v28i3.3
Birhanu M, Gedefaw L, Asres Y. Anemia Among School-Age Children: Magnitude, Severity and Associated Factors in Pawe Town, Benishangul-Gumuz Region, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2018;28(3):259-266. PubMed PMID: 29983525.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anemia among School-Age Children: Magnitude, Severity and Associated Factors in Pawe Town, Benishangul-Gumuz Region, Northwest Ethiopia. AU - Birhanu,Muluken, AU - Gedefaw,Lealem, AU - Asres,Yaregal, PY - 2018/7/10/entrez PY - 2018/7/10/pubmed PY - 2018/11/6/medline KW - Anemia KW - Associated factors KW - Ethiopia KW - Pawe Town KW - School-age children SP - 259 EP - 266 JF - Ethiopian journal of health sciences JO - Ethiop J Health Sci VL - 28 IS - 3 N2 - Background: Anemia is a global public health problem associated with increased mortality and morbidity. The cause of anemia in school-age children is multifactorial and has been associated with delayed psychomotor development, poor cognitive performance, impaired immunity and decrease working capacity. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude, severity and determinant factors of anemia among school-age children (5-15 years) in Pawe Town, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 20 to June 19, 2015 in Pawe Town. A total of 422 school-age children were included in this study. Sociodemographic and related data were collected using structured questionnaire. Anthropometric data were collected from each study participant. Hemoglobin concentration was measured using HemoCue® Hb 201+ System (HemoCue, Angelholm, Sweden). Blood film for malaria diagnoses and stool examination for intestinal parasites were also performed. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Results: The overall prevalence of anemia among school-age children was 33.9%. Mothers' illiteracy (AOR=7.5, 95% CI: 2.6-16.3), being from a family with low income (AOR=4.8, 95% CI: 1.3-10.9), being stunted (AOR=7.1, 95% CI: 2.9-11.9), being underweight (AOR=5.3, 95% CI: 2.1-13.3), infection with intestinal parasites (AOR=5.2, 95% CI: 2.1-12.6), and malaria infection (AOR=8.2, 95% CI: 1.8-14.5) were identified as associated factors of anemia. Conclusion: In this study, anemia is a moderate public health problem among school-age children. School health strategies and interventions targeting nutritional deficiencies and parasitic infections might be very important. SN - 2413-7170 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29983525/Anemia_among_School_Age_Children:_Magnitude_Severity_and_Associated_Factors_in_Pawe_Town_Benishangul_Gumuz_Region_Northwest_Ethiopia_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/29983525/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -