Progressive Spatial Memory Impairment, Brain Amyloid Deposition and Changes in Serum Amyloid Levels as a Function of Age in APPswe/PS1dE9 Mice.Curr Alzheimer Res. 2018; 15(11):1053-1061.CA
Mice co-expressing human amyloid precursor protein with the Swedish mutation (APPswe) and exon-9-deleted presenilin (PS1dE9) has become one of the most widely used mouse models for studying Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis and preclinical studies of AD therapeutic approaches.
In this study, we systematically investigated cognitive decline, amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition and cerebral or Aβ serum levels as well as the relationships among these measures in APPswe/PS1dE9 transgenic mice.
APPswe/PS1dE9 mice were separated into four equal age cohorts (4, 6, 9, and 12 months). We assessed cognitive capacity, deposited plaques, and the levels of Aβ40/Aβ42 in brain tissue and serum of mice at different ages.
APPswe/PS1dE9 mice exhibited declined memory beginning at 6 months of age, with cognitive capacity remarkably impaired at 12-months. Coincidently, amyloid deposits began to develop in transgenic mice brain at 6-months and increased with age. In addition, Aβ42 levels in brains of APPswe/ PS1dE9 mice increased with age with no parallel increase in Aβ40. The concentration of serum Aβ42 declined from 4 to 6 months of age, but a similar age-dependent decrease was not observed for Aβ40.
APPswe/PS1dE9 transgenic mice began to develop amyloid plaques at 6 months of age and exhibited a corresponding impairment of spatial learning capacity. Serum Aβ42 level decreased remarkably from 4 to 6 months, at which stage Aβ42 began to accumulate in the brain and deposit as plaques.