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Clinical and psychological correlates of soiling in adult patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders.
Int J Colorectal Dis. 2018 Dec; 33(12):1793-1797.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS

Fecal soiling (FS) is the staining of underwear without loss of significant amounts of fecal material. It is frequently associated with defecation disorders in children. The aim of this study was to search for psychological and clinical correlates of adult patients with soiling. Clinically, the complaint of staining is confused with that of fecal incontinence (FI) in the mind of both patients and attending physicians.

DESIGN

Observational study PATIENTS AND METHOD: We included 1454 consecutive outpatients (71% females). They filled out the Rome III questionnaire for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs); Beck depression inventory, and state and trait anxiety questionnaires; and Likert scales for constipation, diarrhea, bloating, and abdominal pain. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS

Soiling was found in 123 patients (8.5%). They reported similar frequencies of esophageal, gastroduodenal, and abdominal pain as patients without soiling. In contrast, patients with soiling reported higher prevalence of IBS, such as IBS-Diarrhea, Mixed-IBS, functional diarrhea, functional constipation, and levator ani syndrome, and higher Likert scale for diarrhea, bloating, abdominal pain, and softer stools. The multivariable logistic regression analysis shows that patients with soiling have increased odds to report IBS (P = 0.019; OR = 1.958; 95% CI = [1.118-3.431]), functional diarrhea (P = 0.040; OR = 1.901; 95% CI = [1.028-3.513]), and high Diarrhea Likert scale (P < 0.001; OR = 1.215; 95% CI = [1.130-1.306]). No association was found with psychological evaluation.

CONCLUSION

In FGID patients, soiling is not associated with psychological disorders and is mainly associated with IBS and functional diarrhea.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Université Paris V René Descartes 15, rue de l'école de médecine, 75270, Paris Cedex 06, France. michel.bouchoucha@avc.aphp.fr. CEFRED (centre d'exploration fonctionnelle et de rééducation digestive), Service de gastro-entérologie, Hôpital Avicenne, 125 rue de Stalingrad, 93009, Bobigny Cedex, France. michel.bouchoucha@avc.aphp.fr.Département de Chirurgie. Faculté de Médecine, Université de Sherbrooke, CHUS, 3001 12 e Avenue Nord, Sherbrooke, Quebec, J1H5N4, Canada.CEFRED (centre d'exploration fonctionnelle et de rééducation digestive), Service de gastro-entérologie, Hôpital Avicenne, 125 rue de Stalingrad, 93009, Bobigny Cedex, France.CEFRED (centre d'exploration fonctionnelle et de rééducation digestive), Service de gastro-entérologie, Hôpital Avicenne, 125 rue de Stalingrad, 93009, Bobigny Cedex, France.CEFRED (centre d'exploration fonctionnelle et de rééducation digestive), Service de gastro-entérologie, Hôpital Avicenne, 125 rue de Stalingrad, 93009, Bobigny Cedex, France.CEFRED (centre d'exploration fonctionnelle et de rééducation digestive), Service de gastro-entérologie, Hôpital Avicenne, 125 rue de Stalingrad, 93009, Bobigny Cedex, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29987361

Citation

Bouchoucha, Michel, et al. "Clinical and Psychological Correlates of Soiling in Adult Patients With Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders." International Journal of Colorectal Disease, vol. 33, no. 12, 2018, pp. 1793-1797.
Bouchoucha M, Devroede G, Rompteaux P, et al. Clinical and psychological correlates of soiling in adult patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2018;33(12):1793-1797.
Bouchoucha, M., Devroede, G., Rompteaux, P., Bejou, B., Sabate, J. M., & Benamouzig, R. (2018). Clinical and psychological correlates of soiling in adult patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders. International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 33(12), 1793-1797. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00384-018-3120-9
Bouchoucha M, et al. Clinical and Psychological Correlates of Soiling in Adult Patients With Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2018;33(12):1793-1797. PubMed PMID: 29987361.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Clinical and psychological correlates of soiling in adult patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders. AU - Bouchoucha,Michel, AU - Devroede,Ghislain, AU - Rompteaux,Pierre, AU - Bejou,Bakhtiar, AU - Sabate,Jean-Marc, AU - Benamouzig,Robert, Y1 - 2018/07/10/ PY - 2018/07/05/accepted PY - 2018/7/11/pubmed PY - 2019/6/27/medline PY - 2018/7/11/entrez KW - Diarrhea KW - Functional gastrointestinal disorders KW - Gender KW - Irritable bowel syndrome KW - Soiling SP - 1793 EP - 1797 JF - International journal of colorectal disease JO - Int J Colorectal Dis VL - 33 IS - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fecal soiling (FS) is the staining of underwear without loss of significant amounts of fecal material. It is frequently associated with defecation disorders in children. The aim of this study was to search for psychological and clinical correlates of adult patients with soiling. Clinically, the complaint of staining is confused with that of fecal incontinence (FI) in the mind of both patients and attending physicians. DESIGN: Observational study PATIENTS AND METHOD: We included 1454 consecutive outpatients (71% females). They filled out the Rome III questionnaire for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs); Beck depression inventory, and state and trait anxiety questionnaires; and Likert scales for constipation, diarrhea, bloating, and abdominal pain. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Soiling was found in 123 patients (8.5%). They reported similar frequencies of esophageal, gastroduodenal, and abdominal pain as patients without soiling. In contrast, patients with soiling reported higher prevalence of IBS, such as IBS-Diarrhea, Mixed-IBS, functional diarrhea, functional constipation, and levator ani syndrome, and higher Likert scale for diarrhea, bloating, abdominal pain, and softer stools. The multivariable logistic regression analysis shows that patients with soiling have increased odds to report IBS (P = 0.019; OR = 1.958; 95% CI = [1.118-3.431]), functional diarrhea (P = 0.040; OR = 1.901; 95% CI = [1.028-3.513]), and high Diarrhea Likert scale (P < 0.001; OR = 1.215; 95% CI = [1.130-1.306]). No association was found with psychological evaluation. CONCLUSION: In FGID patients, soiling is not associated with psychological disorders and is mainly associated with IBS and functional diarrhea. SN - 1432-1262 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29987361/Clinical_and_psychological_correlates_of_soiling_in_adult_patients_with_functional_gastrointestinal_disorders_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00384-018-3120-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -