Effects of Different Forms and Levels of Selenomethionine on Productive Performance and Antioxidant Status of Broiler Breeders and Its Offspring.Biol Trace Elem Res. 2019 Apr; 188(2):478-484.BT
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different selenomethionine (SM) forms and levels on productive performance and antioxidant status of broiler breeders and its offspring. Four hundred eighty 48-week-old Lingnan Yellow broiler breeders were randomly divided into four groups, provided basal diet with 0.15 or 0.30 mg/kg Se coming from two SM forms of DL-SM and L-SM. The experiment included a 4-week pretreatment period and an 8-week trial period. During the trial period, eggs were incubated once a week under standard conditions. The broiler breeders were slaughtered after the trial period. At the same time, 15 1-day-old chicks were selected at random per replicate and killed. The results showed that different SM forms and levels had no significant differences in average egg weight, feed intake, and feed-to-egg ration. The DL-SM group in contrast to the L-SM group induced a notable elevation of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity in serum (P < 0.01) and liver (P < 0.05), and the 0.15 mg/kg group had higher GPx activity than 0.30 mg/kg in serum (P < 0.01) and pancreas (P < 0.05). Different SM forms showed no significant differences in total antioxidant capability (T-AOC). Diets with 0.15 mg/kg Se exhibited a higher level of T-AOC in serum (P < 0.01) and some tissues. Besides, malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations in serum, liver, and kidney significantly decreased due to the supplementation of DL-SM. Supplemental 0.15 mg/kg Se reduced MDA concentrations in kidney and muscle. The offspring of broiler breeders fed on DL-SM had higher GPx activity in liver and kidney than L-SM treatment. Supplemental 0.15 mg/kg Se also improved GPx activity in kidney and muscle and T-AOC in kidney of 1-day-old chicks. In summary, our study demonstrated that compared with L-SM, DL-SM was more effective for enhancing the antioxidant status of broiler breeders and its offspring. Moreover, the recommended level of Se supplementation was 0.15 mg/kg Se in Lingnan Yellow broiler breeder diets.