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Development of Friendship and Task Values in a New School: Friend Selection for the Arts and Physical Education but Socialization for Academic Subjects.
J Youth Adolesc. 2018 Sep; 47(9):1966-1977.JY

Abstract

Friends provide important social contexts for student development. Research has shown that adolescent friends are similar to each other in their interest and values for different school subjects. Yet our current understanding does not extend to knowing whether selection, deselection, or socialization processes are responsible for this phenomena. Without this knowledge, it is very difficult for parents, teachers, and schools to know how and when to intervene. This study investigated selection, deselection, and socialization effects on adolescent students' task values for academic (languages, math and science, and social sciences) and non-academic subject areas (the arts and physical education). A social network approach was used to examine two waves of annual data collected from school-based networks of adolescents in the first and second years of high school education in Finland (N = 1419; female = 48.6%; mean age at first measurement point = 16). The results revealed that adolescents tended to select friends with similar levels of task values (friend selection) for the arts and physical education, but friends did not become more similar in these areas over time (friend socialization). In contrast, there was evidence of friend socialization, but not friend selection, for the academic school subjects. Across all subjects, differences in task values did not predict friendship dissolution (friend deselection). These findings suggest that to a significant extent, students make agentic choices in developing friendship with schoolmates based on their task values in non-academic subjects. The resultant friend contexts that individuals created, in turn, affected their task values in academic subject areas. These results shed light on the complexity of friend effect mechanisms on task values at the subject domain-specific level.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Applied Health Science, School of Public Health-Bloomington, Indiana University, 1025 East 7th Street, Suite 116, Bloomington, IN, 47405, USA. chowa@indiana.edu.Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, Kärki, Mattilanniemi 6, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014, Jyväskylä, Finland.Institute for Positive Psychology & Education, Australian Catholic University, 25A Barker Road, Strathfield, NSW, 2135, Australia.School of Education, University of California, 3200 Education, Irvine, CA, 92697-5500, USA.Department of Education, Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Helsinki, PL 9 (Siltavuorenpenger 1A), Room: 233, Helsinki, Finland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30006667

Citation

Chow, Angela, et al. "Development of Friendship and Task Values in a New School: Friend Selection for the Arts and Physical Education but Socialization for Academic Subjects." Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 47, no. 9, 2018, pp. 1966-1977.
Chow A, Kiuru N, Parker PD, et al. Development of Friendship and Task Values in a New School: Friend Selection for the Arts and Physical Education but Socialization for Academic Subjects. J Youth Adolesc. 2018;47(9):1966-1977.
Chow, A., Kiuru, N., Parker, P. D., Eccles, J. S., & Salmela-Aro, K. (2018). Development of Friendship and Task Values in a New School: Friend Selection for the Arts and Physical Education but Socialization for Academic Subjects. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(9), 1966-1977. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0894-6
Chow A, et al. Development of Friendship and Task Values in a New School: Friend Selection for the Arts and Physical Education but Socialization for Academic Subjects. J Youth Adolesc. 2018;47(9):1966-1977. PubMed PMID: 30006667.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Development of Friendship and Task Values in a New School: Friend Selection for the Arts and Physical Education but Socialization for Academic Subjects. AU - Chow,Angela, AU - Kiuru,Noona, AU - Parker,Philip D, AU - Eccles,Jacquelynne S, AU - Salmela-Aro,Katariina, Y1 - 2018/07/13/ PY - 2018/04/16/received PY - 2018/06/25/accepted PY - 2018/7/15/pubmed PY - 2019/4/26/medline PY - 2018/7/15/entrez KW - Deselection KW - Selection KW - Social network analysis KW - Socialization KW - Task values SP - 1966 EP - 1977 JF - Journal of youth and adolescence JO - J Youth Adolesc VL - 47 IS - 9 N2 - Friends provide important social contexts for student development. Research has shown that adolescent friends are similar to each other in their interest and values for different school subjects. Yet our current understanding does not extend to knowing whether selection, deselection, or socialization processes are responsible for this phenomena. Without this knowledge, it is very difficult for parents, teachers, and schools to know how and when to intervene. This study investigated selection, deselection, and socialization effects on adolescent students' task values for academic (languages, math and science, and social sciences) and non-academic subject areas (the arts and physical education). A social network approach was used to examine two waves of annual data collected from school-based networks of adolescents in the first and second years of high school education in Finland (N = 1419; female = 48.6%; mean age at first measurement point = 16). The results revealed that adolescents tended to select friends with similar levels of task values (friend selection) for the arts and physical education, but friends did not become more similar in these areas over time (friend socialization). In contrast, there was evidence of friend socialization, but not friend selection, for the academic school subjects. Across all subjects, differences in task values did not predict friendship dissolution (friend deselection). These findings suggest that to a significant extent, students make agentic choices in developing friendship with schoolmates based on their task values in non-academic subjects. The resultant friend contexts that individuals created, in turn, affected their task values in academic subject areas. These results shed light on the complexity of friend effect mechanisms on task values at the subject domain-specific level. SN - 1573-6601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30006667/Development_of_Friendship_and_Task_Values_in_a_New_School:_Friend_Selection_for_the_Arts_and_Physical_Education_but_Socialization_for_Academic_Subjects_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0894-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -