Performance evaluation of treating oil-containing restaurant wastewater in microbial fuel cell using in situ graphene/polyaniline modified titanium oxide anode.Environ Technol. 2020 Jan; 41(4):420-429.ET
Most studies conducted nowadays to boost electrode performance in microbial fuel cell (MFC) have focused on carbonaceous materials. The titanium suboxides (Ti4O7, TS) are able to provide a new alternative for achieving better performance in MFC and have been tested and demonstrated in this study. The Ti4O7 electrode with high electrochemical activity was modified by graphene/polyaniline by the constant potential method. Electrogenic microorganisms were more conducive to adhere to the anode electrode due to the presence of graphene/polyaniline. The MFC reactor with polyaniline /graphene modiﬁed TS (TSGP) anode achieves the highest voltage with 980 mV, and produces a peak power density of 2073 mW/m2, which is 2.9 and 12.7 times of those with the carbon cloth anode, respectively, at the 1000 Ω external resistance. In addition, this study evaluates the effects of anolyte conductivity, pH, and COD on the treatment of oil-containing restaurant wastewater (OCRW) in MFC using TSGP anode. The OCRW amended with 120 mS/cm obtains the lowest internal resistance (160.3 Ω). Increasing the anodic pH, gradually from acidic (pH 5.5) to alkaline conditions (pH 8.0), resulted in a gradual increase in maximum power density to 576.4 mW/m2 and a decrease in internal cell resistance to 203.7 Ω. The MFC at the COD 1500 mg/L could obtain steady-state output voltage during 103 h while removing up to 65.2% of the COD of the OCRW.