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Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in commensal rodents sampled across Senegal, West Africa.
Parasite. 2018; 25:32.P

Abstract

Risks related to Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans remain poorly known in Senegal. Although rodent surveys could help to assess the circulation of T. gondii, they have seldom been set up in sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to examine Toxoplasma seroprevalence in rodents from villages and towns across Senegal. Rodents were sampled in 40 localities using a standardised trapping protocol. Detection of T. gondii antibodies was performed on 1205 rodents, using a modified agglutination test (MAT) technique. Seroprevalence data were analysed depending on geography, the local rodent community, and individual characteristics of the rodent hosts. We found 44 seropositive rodents from four different species (Mastomys erythroleucus, Mastomys natalensis, Mus musculus domesticus, Rattus rattus). Toxoplasma seroprevalence was low, averaging 4% in the localities. Higher Toxoplasma seroprevalence (up to 24%) was found in northern Senegal, a region known to be the heart of pastoral herding in the country.

Authors+Show Affiliations

CBGP, IRD, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, Univ. Montpellier, 755 avenue du campus Agropolis, 34988 Montferrier-sur-Lez cedex, France.CBGP, IRD, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, Univ. Montpellier, 755 avenue du campus Agropolis, 34988 Montferrier-sur-Lez cedex, France - BIOPASS, CBGP-IRD, ISRA, UCAD, Campus de Bel-Air, BP 1386, Dakar CP 18524, Senegal.UMR-S 1094, Neuroépidémiologie Tropicale, INSERM, Univ. Limoges, 2 rue du Dr Marcland, 87025 Limoges, France.UMR-S 1094, Neuroépidémiologie Tropicale, INSERM, Univ. Limoges, 2 rue du Dr Marcland, 87025 Limoges, France.LPED, IRD, Aix Marseille Univ., Centre St Charles, case 10, 3 place Victor Hugo, CS 80249, 13331 Marseille cedex 03, France.BIOPASS, CBGP-IRD, ISRA, UCAD, Campus de Bel-Air, BP 1386, Dakar CP 18524, Senegal.BIOPASS, CBGP-IRD, ISRA, UCAD, Campus de Bel-Air, BP 1386, Dakar CP 18524, Senegal.BIOPASS, CBGP-IRD, ISRA, UCAD, Campus de Bel-Air, BP 1386, Dakar CP 18524, Senegal.BIOPASS, CBGP-IRD, ISRA, UCAD, Campus de Bel-Air, BP 1386, Dakar CP 18524, Senegal.BIOPASS, CBGP-IRD, ISRA, UCAD, Campus de Bel-Air, BP 1386, Dakar CP 18524, Senegal.UMR-S 1094, Neuroépidémiologie Tropicale, INSERM, Univ. Limoges, 2 rue du Dr Marcland, 87025 Limoges, France.CBGP, IRD, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, Univ. Montpellier, 755 avenue du campus Agropolis, 34988 Montferrier-sur-Lez cedex, France.UMR-S 1094, Neuroépidémiologie Tropicale, INSERM, Univ. Limoges, 2 rue du Dr Marcland, 87025 Limoges, France.UMR-S 1094, Neuroépidémiologie Tropicale, INSERM, Univ. Limoges, 2 rue du Dr Marcland, 87025 Limoges, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30016257

Citation

Brouat, Carine, et al. "Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma Gondii in Commensal Rodents Sampled Across Senegal, West Africa." Parasite (Paris, France), vol. 25, 2018, p. 32.
Brouat C, Diagne CA, Ismaïl K, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in commensal rodents sampled across Senegal, West Africa. Parasite. 2018;25:32.
Brouat, C., Diagne, C. A., Ismaïl, K., Aroussi, A., Dalecky, A., Bâ, K., Kane, M., Niang, Y., Diallo, M., Sow, A., Galal, L., Piry, S., Dardé, M. L., & Mercier, A. (2018). Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in commensal rodents sampled across Senegal, West Africa. Parasite (Paris, France), 25, 32. https://doi.org/10.1051/parasite/2018036
Brouat C, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma Gondii in Commensal Rodents Sampled Across Senegal, West Africa. Parasite. 2018;25:32. PubMed PMID: 30016257.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in commensal rodents sampled across Senegal, West Africa. AU - Brouat,Carine, AU - Diagne,Christophe Amidi, AU - Ismaïl,Khadija, AU - Aroussi,Abdelkrim, AU - Dalecky,Ambroise, AU - Bâ,Khalilou, AU - Kane,Mamadou, AU - Niang,Youssoupha, AU - Diallo,Mamoudou, AU - Sow,Aliou, AU - Galal,Lokman, AU - Piry,Sylvain, AU - Dardé,Marie-Laure, AU - Mercier,Aurélien, Y1 - 2018/07/16/ PY - 2018/02/06/received PY - 2018/06/20/accepted PY - 2018/7/18/entrez PY - 2018/7/18/pubmed PY - 2019/1/31/medline SP - 32 EP - 32 JF - Parasite (Paris, France) JO - Parasite VL - 25 N2 - Risks related to Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans remain poorly known in Senegal. Although rodent surveys could help to assess the circulation of T. gondii, they have seldom been set up in sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to examine Toxoplasma seroprevalence in rodents from villages and towns across Senegal. Rodents were sampled in 40 localities using a standardised trapping protocol. Detection of T. gondii antibodies was performed on 1205 rodents, using a modified agglutination test (MAT) technique. Seroprevalence data were analysed depending on geography, the local rodent community, and individual characteristics of the rodent hosts. We found 44 seropositive rodents from four different species (Mastomys erythroleucus, Mastomys natalensis, Mus musculus domesticus, Rattus rattus). Toxoplasma seroprevalence was low, averaging 4% in the localities. Higher Toxoplasma seroprevalence (up to 24%) was found in northern Senegal, a region known to be the heart of pastoral herding in the country. SN - 1776-1042 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30016257/Seroprevalence_of_Toxoplasma_gondii_in_commensal_rodents_sampled_across_Senegal_West_Africa_ L2 - http://publications.edpsciences.org/10.1051/parasite/2018036 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -