In vitro antimicrobial activity of monensin against common clinical isolates associated with canine otitis externa.Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2018 Apr; 57:34-38.CI
Antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial stewardship are of ever-increasing importance in veterinary medicine. Multidrug-resistant infections of the canine skin and ear continue to emerge, but the use of antibiotic classes of critical importance to human medicine may not represent good antimicrobial stewardship. Repurposing of old drugs that are not used in human medicine is one approach that addresses both these issues. In this study, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of monensin for 111 bacterial and yeast canine otitis isolates was determined using microdilution methodology according to Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines. Monensin was effective against all Gram-positive bacteria including the multidrug-resistant staphylococcal strains with MICs ranging from 1 to 4 μg/ml, but lacked antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative bacteria and yeast isolates. Monensin has potential to be incorporated as one of the main components in an otic formulation.