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Postincident Interpersonal Difficulty Among Adolescent Victims of Violent Crime.
J Interpers Violence 2018; :886260518788366JI

Abstract

Adolescents are exposed to high levels of violence in the United States. Exposure to violence at this point in the life course can have both short- and long-term consequences for young victims that include socioemotional distress and depression, substance abuse, and delinquency. Prior research indicates that positive, productive, and supportive reactions on the parts of those close to targets of violence attenuate feelings of distress and social anomie that many victims report. However, less attention has been devoted to the attributes of criminal violence that may stress the postincident interpersonal relationships of victims and their family members, friends, or peers. The disquieting effects of violence and bodily injury may influence how victims characterize their social connections in the wake of violent crime. This study uses data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (N = 1,652) to assess whether characteristics of violent acts and victims predict reports of postincident interpersonal difficulties made by violent crime victims aged 12 to 20. The findings are that more severe forms or levels of violence (e.g., robberies and sexual assaults) and reports of physical injuries are linked to perceptions of relationship difficulties with members of social networks by adolescent victims of violent crime. This study makes a contribution to our understanding of victimization by identifying levels of violence and injury as independent stressors on victims' perceptions of their relationships and as relevant components of how younger victims see themselves or are perceived by others. It also represents a direct test of whether attributes of violent acts undermine adolescents' perceptions of the quality of their relationships. The results of the study could also aid in the development of interventions that better address the needs of both young victims and their supporters.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Rutgers University-New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30019614

Citation

Phillips, Jason B.. "Postincident Interpersonal Difficulty Among Adolescent Victims of Violent Crime." Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2018, p. 886260518788366.
Phillips JB. Postincident Interpersonal Difficulty Among Adolescent Victims of Violent Crime. J Interpers Violence. 2018.
Phillips, J. B. (2018). Postincident Interpersonal Difficulty Among Adolescent Victims of Violent Crime. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, p. 886260518788366. doi:10.1177/0886260518788366.
Phillips JB. Postincident Interpersonal Difficulty Among Adolescent Victims of Violent Crime. J Interpers Violence. 2018 Jul 1;886260518788366. PubMed PMID: 30019614.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Postincident Interpersonal Difficulty Among Adolescent Victims of Violent Crime. A1 - Phillips,Jason B, Y1 - 2018/07/01/ PY - 2018/7/19/entrez PY - 2018/7/19/pubmed PY - 2018/7/19/medline KW - criminology KW - violence exposure KW - youth violence SP - 886260518788366 EP - 886260518788366 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence N2 - Adolescents are exposed to high levels of violence in the United States. Exposure to violence at this point in the life course can have both short- and long-term consequences for young victims that include socioemotional distress and depression, substance abuse, and delinquency. Prior research indicates that positive, productive, and supportive reactions on the parts of those close to targets of violence attenuate feelings of distress and social anomie that many victims report. However, less attention has been devoted to the attributes of criminal violence that may stress the postincident interpersonal relationships of victims and their family members, friends, or peers. The disquieting effects of violence and bodily injury may influence how victims characterize their social connections in the wake of violent crime. This study uses data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (N = 1,652) to assess whether characteristics of violent acts and victims predict reports of postincident interpersonal difficulties made by violent crime victims aged 12 to 20. The findings are that more severe forms or levels of violence (e.g., robberies and sexual assaults) and reports of physical injuries are linked to perceptions of relationship difficulties with members of social networks by adolescent victims of violent crime. This study makes a contribution to our understanding of victimization by identifying levels of violence and injury as independent stressors on victims' perceptions of their relationships and as relevant components of how younger victims see themselves or are perceived by others. It also represents a direct test of whether attributes of violent acts undermine adolescents' perceptions of the quality of their relationships. The results of the study could also aid in the development of interventions that better address the needs of both young victims and their supporters. SN - 1552-6518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30019614/Postincident_Interpersonal_Difficulty_Among_Adolescent_Victims_of_Violent_Crime L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0886260518788366?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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