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Ethnic diversity, poverty and social trust in Germany: Evidence from a behavioral measure of trust.
PLoS One 2018; 13(7):e0199834Plos

Abstract

Several scholars have concluded that ethnic diversity has negative consequences for social trust. However, recent research has called into question whether ethnic diversity per se has detrimental effects, or whether lower levels of trust in diverse communities simply reflect a higher concentration of less trusting groups, such as poor people, minorities, or immigrants. Drawing upon a nationally representative sample of the German population (GSOEP), we make two contributions to this debate. First, we examine how ethnic diversity at the neighborhood level-specifically the proportion of immigrants in the neighborhood-is linked to social trust focusing on the compositional effect of poverty. Second, in contrast to the majority of current research on ethnic diversity, we use a behavioral measure of trust in combination with fine-grained (zip-code level) contextual measures of ethnic composition and poverty. Furthermore, we are also able to compare the behavioral measure to a standard attitudinal trust question. We find that household poverty partially accounts for lower levels of trust, and that after controlling for income, German and non-German respondents are equally trusting. However, being surrounded by neighbors with immigrant background is also associated with lower levels of social trust.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Carlo F. Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics & Public Policy, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy.Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB Berlin Social Science Center), Berlin, Germany.Carlo F. Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics & Public Policy, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy. Department of Sociology, New York University, New York, United States of America.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30020965

Citation

Gereke, Johanna, et al. "Ethnic Diversity, Poverty and Social Trust in Germany: Evidence From a Behavioral Measure of Trust." PloS One, vol. 13, no. 7, 2018, pp. e0199834.
Gereke J, Schaub M, Baldassarri D. Ethnic diversity, poverty and social trust in Germany: Evidence from a behavioral measure of trust. PLoS ONE. 2018;13(7):e0199834.
Gereke, J., Schaub, M., & Baldassarri, D. (2018). Ethnic diversity, poverty and social trust in Germany: Evidence from a behavioral measure of trust. PloS One, 13(7), pp. e0199834. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0199834.
Gereke J, Schaub M, Baldassarri D. Ethnic Diversity, Poverty and Social Trust in Germany: Evidence From a Behavioral Measure of Trust. PLoS ONE. 2018;13(7):e0199834. PubMed PMID: 30020965.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ethnic diversity, poverty and social trust in Germany: Evidence from a behavioral measure of trust. AU - Gereke,Johanna, AU - Schaub,Max, AU - Baldassarri,Delia, Y1 - 2018/07/18/ PY - 2018/02/01/received PY - 2018/06/14/accepted PY - 2018/7/19/entrez PY - 2018/7/19/pubmed PY - 2019/1/1/medline SP - e0199834 EP - e0199834 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS ONE VL - 13 IS - 7 N2 - Several scholars have concluded that ethnic diversity has negative consequences for social trust. However, recent research has called into question whether ethnic diversity per se has detrimental effects, or whether lower levels of trust in diverse communities simply reflect a higher concentration of less trusting groups, such as poor people, minorities, or immigrants. Drawing upon a nationally representative sample of the German population (GSOEP), we make two contributions to this debate. First, we examine how ethnic diversity at the neighborhood level-specifically the proportion of immigrants in the neighborhood-is linked to social trust focusing on the compositional effect of poverty. Second, in contrast to the majority of current research on ethnic diversity, we use a behavioral measure of trust in combination with fine-grained (zip-code level) contextual measures of ethnic composition and poverty. Furthermore, we are also able to compare the behavioral measure to a standard attitudinal trust question. We find that household poverty partially accounts for lower levels of trust, and that after controlling for income, German and non-German respondents are equally trusting. However, being surrounded by neighbors with immigrant background is also associated with lower levels of social trust. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30020965/Ethnic_diversity_poverty_and_social_trust_in_Germany:_Evidence_from_a_behavioral_measure_of_trust_ L2 - http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0199834 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -