Linking leadership style and workplace procrastination: The role of organizational citizenship behavior and turnover intention.J Prev Interv Community. 2018 Jul-Sep; 46(3):245-262.JP
The primary aim of the present study was to explore whether paternalistic or transformational leadership styles of supervisors were significantly related to workplace procrastination. Moreover, the potential mediation effects of organizational citizenship behaviors (specifically, civic virtue, and conscientiousness) and turnover intention in the link between leadership style and procrastination of the employees were investigated on a heuristic model. Data was collected through online surveys from 126 Turkish full-time office employees. The goodness-of-fit of the proposed model was tested using structural equation modeling and the mediation analysis was performed by bootstrapping. As expected, transformational leadership and organizational citizenship behaviors were negatively related to workplace procrastination. However, there was no significant link between paternalistic leadership and procrastination. Moreover, turnover intention and organizational citizenship behaviors did not mediate this relationship. These findings suggest that transformational leadership style could be a more effective style for diminishing employees' excessive nonwork related behaviors.