MiR-616-3p modulates cell proliferation and migration through targeting tissue factor pathway inhibitor 2 in preeclampsia.Cell Prolif 2018; 51(5):e12490CP
Despite improvements in diagnosis and treatment, preeclampsia (PE) continues to pose a significant risk of maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality if not addressed promptly. An increasing number of studies have suggested that tissue factor pathway inhibitor 2 (TFPI2) acts as a suppressor gene, possibly inhibiting multiple serine proteases affecting cell proliferation and migration. It plays an essential role in the occurrence and development of PE, but the pathogenesis remains unclear.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
In our research, we performed western blotting, immunohistochemistry and qPCR assays to investigate TFPI2 and miR-616-3p expression in preeclamptic placental tissues. Cell assays were performed in HTR-8/SVneo and JEG3 cell lines. Cell proliferation and migration events were investigated by MTT, EdU and transwell assays. In conjunction with bioinformatics analysis, luciferase reporter assays were performed to elucidate the mechanism by which miR-616-3p binds to TFPI2 mRNA.
We established that TFPI2 protein levels were significantly upregulated in PE placental tissues. In addition, we found that miR-616-3p binds specifically to the 3'-UTR region of TFPI2 mRNA. Furthermore, miR-616-3p knockdown or TFPI2 overexpression substantially impaired cell growth and migration, whereas miR-616-3p upregulation or TFPI2 knockdown stimulated cell proliferation and migration. This miR-616-3p/TFPI2 axis was also found to affect the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process in PE.
Our results demonstrated that TFPI2 plays a vital role in the progression of PE and might provide a prospective therapeutic strategy to mitigate the severity of the disorder.