Vitamin B12 Deficiency in Children With Infantile Spasms: A Case-Control Study.J Child Neurol. 2018 10; 33(12):767-771.JC
There have been few case reports showing association of vitamin B12 deficiency with infantile spasms. We planned this study to see if there was an association of serum vitamin B12 deficiency in children with development of infantile spasms. Cases included children with infantile spasms of ages 6 months to 3 years. The controls were children in the same age group who had global developmental delay but no history of epileptic spasms. Mean serum vitamin B12, serum homocysteine, and urinary methylmalonic acid levels were measured in both groups and compared. Children with infantile spasms had lower mean serum vitamin B12 levels (354.1 pg/mL; standard deviation 234.1 pg/mL) as compared to children with global developmental delay without spasms (466.7 pg/mL; standard deviation 285.5 pg/mL) (P value < .05). Mean serum homocysteine level (13.9 vs 7.8 μmol/L, P = .02) and mean urinary methylmalonic acid level (68.1 mmol/mol of creatinine vs 26.1 mmol/mol of creatinine, P = .03) were elevated in children with infantile spasms than in controls. Fourteen children (35.0%) with infantile spasms were vitamin B12 deficient compared with 3 (7.50%) controls (P = .005). Thus, vitamin B12 deficiency may have an association with infantile spasms. More studies are needed before recommending routine measurement of serum B12 levels in children with infantile spasms.