Combined use of polypill components in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2018 09; 25(14):1523-1531.EJ
Objectives A polypill containing aspirin, a statin and blood pressure (BP)-lowering agents has been proposed for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. To increase adherence and reduce the gaps between indicated and used therapy, a polypill might be of interest for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Our aim was to assess the prevalence of the combined use of polypill components in patients with T2DM over time. Methods The combined use of polypill components was assessed between 1996 and 2015 in patients with T2DM in the prospective SMART cohort (n = 1828). The results were dichotomized into patients without (n = 568) and with (n = 1260) vascular disease. The patient characteristics associated with the use of polypill components were evaluated. Results In total, 19% of patients with T2DM without vascular disease received a statin and ≥2 BP-lowering agents ('cardiovascular polypill') and 13% received additional oral glucose-lowering therapy ('diabetic polypill'). Of the patients with T2DM with vascular disease, 42% received the combination of an antiplatelet agent, a statin and ≥2 BP-lowering agents ('cardiovascular polypill') and 30% received additional glucose-lowering therapy ('diabetic polypill'). The prevalence of the use of the cardiovascular and diabetic polypill combination has substantially increased between 1996 and 2015 to 36 and 32% in patients without vascular disease and to 67 and 57% in patients with vascular disease. Conclusions Patients with T2DM frequently use polypill components, often together with oral glucose-lowering agents, and this rate of use has increased steadily between 1996 and 2015. Introducing a cardiovascular or diabetic polypill for patients with T2DM seems to be highly relevant.