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Association Between Perceived Social Support and Depressive Symptoms Among Community-Dwelling Older Chinese Americans.
Gerontol Geriatr Med 2018 Jan-Dec; 4:2333721418778194GG

Abstract

Purpose:

This study examined the association between social support and depressive symptoms among U.S. Chinese older adults.

Methods:

Data were from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE) study. Independent variables were positive and negative perceived social support (PSS). Dependent variable was depressive symptoms. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed.

Results:

A total of participants were 3,157 Chinese older adults with the mean age of 72.8 years (range 60-105 years). After controlling for confounding factors, Chinese older adults with higher positive PSS were 12% (odds ratio [OR] = 0.88, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.85, 0.92]) and 18% (OR = 0.82, 95% CI = [0.79, 0.86]) less likely to report mild and moderate-severe depressive symptoms, respectively, compared to reporting minimal depressive symptoms; On the contrary, Chinese older adults with higher negative PSS were 34% (OR = 1.34, 95% CI = [1.24, 1.46]) and 38% (OR = 1.38, 95% CI = [1.26, 1.52]) more likely to report mild and moderate-severe depressive symptoms, respectively. Discussion: The study findings corroborate previous research that social support is significantly associated with depressive symptoms. Our findings reinforce the importance of developing strategies to utilize positive social support and limit negative support in practice for the depressed older adults. Further studies should be conducted to better understand the associations between different dimensions of social support and depression among U.S. Chinese older adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA.Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA.Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ, USA.Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30035199

Citation

Chao, Ying-Yu, et al. "Association Between Perceived Social Support and Depressive Symptoms Among Community-Dwelling Older Chinese Americans." Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine, vol. 4, 2018, p. 2333721418778194.
Chao YY, Katigbak C, Zhang NJ, et al. Association Between Perceived Social Support and Depressive Symptoms Among Community-Dwelling Older Chinese Americans. Gerontol Geriatr Med. 2018;4:2333721418778194.
Chao, Y. Y., Katigbak, C., Zhang, N. J., & Dong, X. (2018). Association Between Perceived Social Support and Depressive Symptoms Among Community-Dwelling Older Chinese Americans. Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine, 4, p. 2333721418778194. doi:10.1177/2333721418778194.
Chao YY, et al. Association Between Perceived Social Support and Depressive Symptoms Among Community-Dwelling Older Chinese Americans. Gerontol Geriatr Med. 2018;4:2333721418778194. PubMed PMID: 30035199.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association Between Perceived Social Support and Depressive Symptoms Among Community-Dwelling Older Chinese Americans. AU - Chao,Ying-Yu, AU - Katigbak,Carina, AU - Zhang,Ning Jackie, AU - Dong,XinQi, Y1 - 2018/07/17/ PY - 2017/01/16/received PY - 2018/02/23/revised PY - 2018/01/04/accepted PY - 2018/7/24/entrez PY - 2018/7/24/pubmed PY - 2018/7/24/medline KW - Chinese aging KW - depressive symptoms KW - older immigrants KW - social support SP - 2333721418778194 EP - 2333721418778194 JF - Gerontology & geriatric medicine JO - Gerontol Geriatr Med VL - 4 N2 - Purpose: This study examined the association between social support and depressive symptoms among U.S. Chinese older adults. Methods: Data were from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE) study. Independent variables were positive and negative perceived social support (PSS). Dependent variable was depressive symptoms. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: A total of participants were 3,157 Chinese older adults with the mean age of 72.8 years (range 60-105 years). After controlling for confounding factors, Chinese older adults with higher positive PSS were 12% (odds ratio [OR] = 0.88, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.85, 0.92]) and 18% (OR = 0.82, 95% CI = [0.79, 0.86]) less likely to report mild and moderate-severe depressive symptoms, respectively, compared to reporting minimal depressive symptoms; On the contrary, Chinese older adults with higher negative PSS were 34% (OR = 1.34, 95% CI = [1.24, 1.46]) and 38% (OR = 1.38, 95% CI = [1.26, 1.52]) more likely to report mild and moderate-severe depressive symptoms, respectively. Discussion: The study findings corroborate previous research that social support is significantly associated with depressive symptoms. Our findings reinforce the importance of developing strategies to utilize positive social support and limit negative support in practice for the depressed older adults. Further studies should be conducted to better understand the associations between different dimensions of social support and depression among U.S. Chinese older adults. SN - 2333-7214 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30035199/Association_Between_Perceived_Social_Support_and_Depressive_Symptoms_Among_Community_Dwelling_Older_Chinese_Americans_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2333721418778194?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -