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Effects of menstrual pain on the academic performance and participation in sports and social activities in Turkish university students with primary dysmenorrhea: A case control study.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2018 Nov; 44(11):2101-2109.JO

Abstract

AIM

The primary aim of this study was to investigate the pain characteristics, academic performance and participation in sports and social activities among students with primary dysmenorrhea (PD) who have different pain intensities and to compare dysmenorrhea-related life impact with pain-free students.

METHODS

The present study was conducted on 471 university students with and without PD. Based on Visual Analog Scale score, participants were categorized into four groups: no-pain (n = 60), mild pain (n = 83), moderate pain (n = 165) and severe pain (n = 163). Data on the pain characteristics, impact of dysmenorrhea on university absence, class concentration, participation in sports and social activities were obtained and analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U and chi-square tests.

RESULTS

University absence, loss of class concentration and the impact on sports and social activities were higher in severe pain group than in no-pain, mild and moderate pain groups (P < 0.001). There were statistically significant differences in the duration of pain, the pattern of pain and the day when maximum pain is perceived among mild, moderate and severe pain groups (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION

The results of the present study present that PD negatively influences academic performance and participation in sports and social activities. Furthermore, pain characteristics differed among the patients with mild, moderate and severe pain. There is a need for further studies that improve treatment options for PD in order to minimize the influence of pain on academic performance and social activities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey.Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Gaziosmanpaşa University, Tokat, Turkey.Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30043399

Citation

Orhan, Ceren, et al. "Effects of Menstrual Pain On the Academic Performance and Participation in Sports and Social Activities in Turkish University Students With Primary Dysmenorrhea: a Case Control Study." The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol. 44, no. 11, 2018, pp. 2101-2109.
Orhan C, Çelenay ŞT, Demirtürk F, et al. Effects of menstrual pain on the academic performance and participation in sports and social activities in Turkish university students with primary dysmenorrhea: A case control study. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2018;44(11):2101-2109.
Orhan, C., Çelenay, Ş. T., Demirtürk, F., Özgül, S., Üzelpasacı, E., & Akbayrak, T. (2018). Effects of menstrual pain on the academic performance and participation in sports and social activities in Turkish university students with primary dysmenorrhea: A case control study. The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 44(11), 2101-2109. https://doi.org/10.1111/jog.13768
Orhan C, et al. Effects of Menstrual Pain On the Academic Performance and Participation in Sports and Social Activities in Turkish University Students With Primary Dysmenorrhea: a Case Control Study. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2018;44(11):2101-2109. PubMed PMID: 30043399.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of menstrual pain on the academic performance and participation in sports and social activities in Turkish university students with primary dysmenorrhea: A case control study. AU - Orhan,Ceren, AU - Çelenay,Şeyda Toprak, AU - Demirtürk,Funda, AU - Özgül,Serap, AU - Üzelpasacı,Esra, AU - Akbayrak,Türkan, Y1 - 2018/07/25/ PY - 2018/03/12/received PY - 2018/06/29/accepted PY - 2018/7/26/pubmed PY - 2019/1/19/medline PY - 2018/7/26/entrez KW - academic performance, physical activity KW - dysmenorrhea SP - 2101 EP - 2109 JF - The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research JO - J Obstet Gynaecol Res VL - 44 IS - 11 N2 - AIM: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the pain characteristics, academic performance and participation in sports and social activities among students with primary dysmenorrhea (PD) who have different pain intensities and to compare dysmenorrhea-related life impact with pain-free students. METHODS: The present study was conducted on 471 university students with and without PD. Based on Visual Analog Scale score, participants were categorized into four groups: no-pain (n = 60), mild pain (n = 83), moderate pain (n = 165) and severe pain (n = 163). Data on the pain characteristics, impact of dysmenorrhea on university absence, class concentration, participation in sports and social activities were obtained and analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U and chi-square tests. RESULTS: University absence, loss of class concentration and the impact on sports and social activities were higher in severe pain group than in no-pain, mild and moderate pain groups (P < 0.001). There were statistically significant differences in the duration of pain, the pattern of pain and the day when maximum pain is perceived among mild, moderate and severe pain groups (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The results of the present study present that PD negatively influences academic performance and participation in sports and social activities. Furthermore, pain characteristics differed among the patients with mild, moderate and severe pain. There is a need for further studies that improve treatment options for PD in order to minimize the influence of pain on academic performance and social activities. SN - 1447-0756 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30043399/Effects_of_menstrual_pain_on_the_academic_performance_and_participation_in_sports_and_social_activities_in_Turkish_university_students_with_primary_dysmenorrhea:_A_case_control_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jog.13768 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -