SEROLOGICAL SCREENING FOR CELIAC DISEASE IN CHILDREN WITH COLCHICINE-RESISTANT FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER.Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Apr-Jun; 55(2):175-178AG
Familial Mediterranean fever and celiac disease share some common clinical features such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, arthralgia and arthritis. Also, both of the diseases are associated with many inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Previous studies have shown the association between familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and different clinical conditions.
We aimed to investigate the relationship between celiac disease and colchicine-resistant familial Mediterranean fever (crFMF) disease.
This prospective study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Pediatric Rheumatology from October 2015 to August 2016. A total of 24 patients with crFMF were included in the study. We used 60 sex- and age-matched healthy subjects as a control group. Levels of total IgA and tissue transglutaminase (tTG) IgA antibody were measured in both groups. Those with increased level of tTG IgA were tested for anti-endomysium IgA antibodies (EMA). Gastroduodenoscopy and intestinal biopsy were planned for a definite diagnosis of celiac disease in patients with positive EMA.
Of the 24 patients in this study, 18 (75.0%) were female. Only 4 (16.6%) of 24 patients were positive for tTG IgA. Patients with positive tTG IgA were then tested for EMA IgA antibodies and none of them had a positive result. Only one (1.6%) subject from the control group was positive for tTG IgA but EMA positivity was not detected.
We did not found celiac disease in 24 children with crFMF. Since crFMF disease is rarely seen in general population, further studies with more patients are needed to provide more precise interpretation.