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Breakfast in Canada: Prevalence of Consumption, Contribution to Nutrient and Food Group Intakes, and Variability across Tertiles of Daily Diet Quality. A Study from the International Breakfast Research Initiative.
Nutrients 2018; 10(8)N

Abstract

This study used 24-h recall data from the nationally representative 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition to assess breakfast intake among Canadians aged 6⁻12 years (n = 2331), 13⁻17 years (n = 2026), 18⁻54 years (n = 7651), and 55+ years (n = 6279). Overall, 90% consumed breakfast; breakfast consumers reported higher intakes of energy and key nutrients and had higher daily diet quality scores assessed using the Nutrient-Rich Foods Index 9.3 (NRF 9.3). Among breakfast consumers (n = 16,484), breakfast contributed a mean of 389 kcal (1628 kJ) and 21.6% of daily energy intake. Relative to its contribution to energy, breakfast contributed higher intakes of fruit, whole grains, and fluid milk, as well as associated nutrients (e.g., carbohydrate, total sugars, fiber, calcium, and vitamin D). Among breakfast consumers classified by daily dietary quality (NRF 9.3 score), energy intake at breakfast did not differ across tertiles for either children or adults. However, intakes of key nutrients, fiber, and total sugars increased across tertiles, and among adults, intakes of saturated fat and sodium decreased. Mean intakes of fruit, whole grains, and fluid milk also increased across tertiles, as did the proportion of individuals consuming these foods; higher fruit and milk intakes may explain higher sugar intakes as diet quality increased. Promoting the consumption of these foods at breakfast could contribute to improved diet quality among Canadians.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Food, Nutrition and Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada. susan.barr@ubc.ca.College of Pharmacy and Nutrition and School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 4Z2, Canada. vatanh@usask.ca.Bell Institute of Health, Nutrition and Food Safety, General Mills, Minneapolis, MN 55427-3870, USA. Jessica.Smith@genmills.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30060534

Citation

Barr, Susan I., et al. "Breakfast in Canada: Prevalence of Consumption, Contribution to Nutrient and Food Group Intakes, and Variability Across Tertiles of Daily Diet Quality. a Study From the International Breakfast Research Initiative." Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 8, 2018.
Barr SI, Vatanparast H, Smith J. Breakfast in Canada: Prevalence of Consumption, Contribution to Nutrient and Food Group Intakes, and Variability across Tertiles of Daily Diet Quality. A Study from the International Breakfast Research Initiative. Nutrients. 2018;10(8).
Barr, S. I., Vatanparast, H., & Smith, J. (2018). Breakfast in Canada: Prevalence of Consumption, Contribution to Nutrient and Food Group Intakes, and Variability across Tertiles of Daily Diet Quality. A Study from the International Breakfast Research Initiative. Nutrients, 10(8), doi:10.3390/nu10080985.
Barr SI, Vatanparast H, Smith J. Breakfast in Canada: Prevalence of Consumption, Contribution to Nutrient and Food Group Intakes, and Variability Across Tertiles of Daily Diet Quality. a Study From the International Breakfast Research Initiative. Nutrients. 2018 Jul 27;10(8) PubMed PMID: 30060534.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Breakfast in Canada: Prevalence of Consumption, Contribution to Nutrient and Food Group Intakes, and Variability across Tertiles of Daily Diet Quality. A Study from the International Breakfast Research Initiative. AU - Barr,Susan I, AU - Vatanparast,Hassan, AU - Smith,Jessica, Y1 - 2018/07/27/ PY - 2018/06/26/received PY - 2018/07/19/revised PY - 2018/07/24/accepted PY - 2018/8/1/entrez PY - 2018/8/1/pubmed PY - 2018/11/14/medline KW - breakfast KW - diet quality KW - diet surveys KW - dietary assessment KW - nutrient intake JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 10 IS - 8 N2 - This study used 24-h recall data from the nationally representative 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition to assess breakfast intake among Canadians aged 6⁻12 years (n = 2331), 13⁻17 years (n = 2026), 18⁻54 years (n = 7651), and 55+ years (n = 6279). Overall, 90% consumed breakfast; breakfast consumers reported higher intakes of energy and key nutrients and had higher daily diet quality scores assessed using the Nutrient-Rich Foods Index 9.3 (NRF 9.3). Among breakfast consumers (n = 16,484), breakfast contributed a mean of 389 kcal (1628 kJ) and 21.6% of daily energy intake. Relative to its contribution to energy, breakfast contributed higher intakes of fruit, whole grains, and fluid milk, as well as associated nutrients (e.g., carbohydrate, total sugars, fiber, calcium, and vitamin D). Among breakfast consumers classified by daily dietary quality (NRF 9.3 score), energy intake at breakfast did not differ across tertiles for either children or adults. However, intakes of key nutrients, fiber, and total sugars increased across tertiles, and among adults, intakes of saturated fat and sodium decreased. Mean intakes of fruit, whole grains, and fluid milk also increased across tertiles, as did the proportion of individuals consuming these foods; higher fruit and milk intakes may explain higher sugar intakes as diet quality increased. Promoting the consumption of these foods at breakfast could contribute to improved diet quality among Canadians. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30060534/Breakfast_in_Canada:_Prevalence_of_Consumption_Contribution_to_Nutrient_and_Food_Group_Intakes_and_Variability_across_Tertiles_of_Daily_Diet_Quality__A_Study_from_the_International_Breakfast_Research_Initiative_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu10080985 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -