Factors associated with regression from prediabetes to normal glucose tolerance in a Korean general population: A community-based 10-year prospective cohort study.Diabet Med 2018; 35(11):1544-1551DM
A proportion of people with prediabetes convert back to normal glucose tolerance. We sought to determine the clinical variables associated with conversion from prediabetes to normal glucose tolerance, with a focus on insulin secretory capacity, insulin sensitivity and body composition.
We followed 1731 people with prediabetes at baseline from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study every 2 years for 10 years. Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) were performed, and muscle and fat mass were estimated using bioelectrical impedance analysis.
During 10 years of follow-up, 36% (623/1731) of people with prediabetes converted to normal glucose tolerance. Higher baseline fasting glucose, 2-h OGTT glucose and triglyceride levels were inversely associated with this conversion. Higher 60-min insulinogenic index (IGI60 ) at baseline was independently associated with this conversion [HR per sd (95% CI) 1.09 (1.02-1.17); P = 0.01]. However, other indices reflecting insulin sensitivity, including the composite insulin sensitivity index, were not associated with this conversion. In addition, a higher baseline muscle to fat ratio was independently associated with conversion to normal glucose tolerance [HR per sd (95% CI) 1.15 (1.04-1.26); P = 0.005]. People with conversion to normal glucose tolerance showed a greater increase in the 60-min insulinogenic index and disposition index and a smaller decrease in the composite insulin sensitivity index compared with people without conversion during 10 years of follow-up (all p-values < 0.001).
A higher insulin secretory capacity at baseline and during follow-up and higher baseline muscle to fat ratio were independently associated with an improvement in glucose tolerance in Korean adults with prediabetes.