Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The reasoned action approach applied to health behavior: Role of past behavior and tests of some key moderators using meta-analytic structural equation modeling.
Soc Sci Med 2018; 213:85-94SS

Abstract

RATIONALE

The reasoned action approach (RAA) is a social cognitive model that outlines the determinants of intentional behavior. Primary and meta-analytic studies support RAA predictions for multiple health behaviors. However, including past behavior as a predictor in the RAA may attenuate model effects. Direct effects of past behavior on behavior may reflect non-conscious processes whereas indirect effects of past behavior through social cognitive variables may represent reasoned processes.

OBJECTIVE

The present study extended a previous meta-analysis of the RAA by including effects of past behavior. The analysis also tested effects of candidate moderators of model predictions: behavioral frequency, behavior type, and measurement lag.

METHOD

We augmented a previous meta-analytic data set with correlations between model constructs and past behavior. We tested RAA models that included and excluded past behavior using meta-analytic structural equation modeling and compared the effects. Separate models were estimated in studies on high and low frequency behaviors, studies on different types of behavior, and studies with longer and shorter measurement lag.

RESULTS

Including past behavior attenuated model effects, particularly the direct effect of intentions on behavior, and indirect effects of experiential attitudes, descriptive norms, and capacity on behavior through intentions. Moderator analyses revealed larger intention-behavior and past behavior-behavior effects in high frequency studies, but the differences were not significant. No other notable moderator effects were observed.

CONCLUSION

Findings indicate a prominent role for non-conscious processes in determining health behavior and inclusion of past behavior in RAA tests is important to yield precise estimates of model effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine Research Group, School of Psychology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia; Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland; School of Applied Psychology, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Mt. Gravatt, Australia; Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong. Electronic address: martin.hagger@curtin.edu.au.Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30064092

Citation

Hagger, Martin S., et al. "The Reasoned Action Approach Applied to Health Behavior: Role of Past Behavior and Tests of some Key Moderators Using Meta-analytic Structural Equation Modeling." Social Science & Medicine (1982), vol. 213, 2018, pp. 85-94.
Hagger MS, Polet J, Lintunen T. The reasoned action approach applied to health behavior: Role of past behavior and tests of some key moderators using meta-analytic structural equation modeling. Soc Sci Med. 2018;213:85-94.
Hagger, M. S., Polet, J., & Lintunen, T. (2018). The reasoned action approach applied to health behavior: Role of past behavior and tests of some key moderators using meta-analytic structural equation modeling. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 213, pp. 85-94. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.07.038.
Hagger MS, Polet J, Lintunen T. The Reasoned Action Approach Applied to Health Behavior: Role of Past Behavior and Tests of some Key Moderators Using Meta-analytic Structural Equation Modeling. Soc Sci Med. 2018;213:85-94. PubMed PMID: 30064092.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The reasoned action approach applied to health behavior: Role of past behavior and tests of some key moderators using meta-analytic structural equation modeling. AU - Hagger,Martin S, AU - Polet,Juho, AU - Lintunen,Taru, Y1 - 2018/07/21/ PY - 2017/12/27/received PY - 2018/07/01/revised PY - 2018/07/20/accepted PY - 2018/8/1/pubmed PY - 2019/4/26/medline PY - 2018/8/1/entrez KW - Behavioral frequency KW - Dual-process theories KW - Habit KW - Non-conscious processes KW - Theory of planned behavior SP - 85 EP - 94 JF - Social science & medicine (1982) JO - Soc Sci Med VL - 213 N2 - RATIONALE: The reasoned action approach (RAA) is a social cognitive model that outlines the determinants of intentional behavior. Primary and meta-analytic studies support RAA predictions for multiple health behaviors. However, including past behavior as a predictor in the RAA may attenuate model effects. Direct effects of past behavior on behavior may reflect non-conscious processes whereas indirect effects of past behavior through social cognitive variables may represent reasoned processes. OBJECTIVE: The present study extended a previous meta-analysis of the RAA by including effects of past behavior. The analysis also tested effects of candidate moderators of model predictions: behavioral frequency, behavior type, and measurement lag. METHOD: We augmented a previous meta-analytic data set with correlations between model constructs and past behavior. We tested RAA models that included and excluded past behavior using meta-analytic structural equation modeling and compared the effects. Separate models were estimated in studies on high and low frequency behaviors, studies on different types of behavior, and studies with longer and shorter measurement lag. RESULTS: Including past behavior attenuated model effects, particularly the direct effect of intentions on behavior, and indirect effects of experiential attitudes, descriptive norms, and capacity on behavior through intentions. Moderator analyses revealed larger intention-behavior and past behavior-behavior effects in high frequency studies, but the differences were not significant. No other notable moderator effects were observed. CONCLUSION: Findings indicate a prominent role for non-conscious processes in determining health behavior and inclusion of past behavior in RAA tests is important to yield precise estimates of model effects. SN - 1873-5347 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30064092/The_reasoned_action_approach_applied_to_health_behavior:_Role_of_past_behavior_and_tests_of_some_key_moderators_using_meta-analytic_structural_equation_modeling L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0277-9536(18)30395-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -