Risk factors for colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in a low-endemicity setting for carbapenem resistance - a matched case-control study.Euro Surveill. 2018 07; 23(30)ES
BackgroundEmergence of colistin resistance has been related to increased use in clinical settings, following global spread of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Use of colistin in animal production may constitute a further source of spread of resistant strains to humans. We sought to determine risk factors for human colonisation or infection with colistin-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in a setting where colistin is mainly used for animal production.