Fasting plasma glucose is a stronger predictor of diabetes than triglyceride-glucose index, triglycerides/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study.Acta Diabetol. 2018 Oct; 55(10):1067-1074.AD
To compare the impact of triglyceride-glucose index (TyG-index), the product of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and triglycerides (TG) with FPG, 2 h post-challenge plasma glucose (2 h-PCPG), TG/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C), and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) indices for prediction of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Iranian adults during a median follow-up of 12 years.
Study population included 4419 (1858 men) subjects with mean age of 40.6 ± 13.2 years. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to calculate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each 1-standard deviation increase in each predictor. Areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves (AUC) and 95% CIs were calculated.
During follow-up, 215 men and 288 women developed T2D. The multivariable HRs for FPG, 2 h-PCPG, TyG-index, HOMA-IR, HOMA2-IR, and TG/HDL-C were 2.20, 1.97, 1.71, 1.33, 1.30, and 1.35 in men and 2.13, 2.11, 1.44, 1.37, 1.32, and 1.36 in women (all P < 0.001). Among the total population, the AUC for FPG [0.752 (0.727-0.776)] was similar to 2 h-PCPG but higher than TyG-index [0.697 (0.673-0.720)], TG/HDL-C [0.644 (0.620-0.669)], HOMA-IR [0.684 (0.659-0.710)], and HOMA2-IR [0.656 (0.630-0.682)]. In men, AUC of TyG-index was higher than TG/HDL-C but did not differ with HOMA-IR indices. In women, the AUC of TyG-index was higher than HOMA2-IR and TG/HDL-C, but was similar to that of HOMA-IR.
FPG is a stronger predictor of T2D than the TyG-index, TG/HDL-C, and HOMA-IR indices. Although TyG-index was better than TG/HDL-C in both genders, it did not rank above HOMA-IR.