Bioavailability and preservation of organic phosphorus in lake sediments: Insights from enzymatic hydrolysis and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance.Chemosphere. 2018 Nov; 211:50-61.C
Bioavailability and preservation of organic P (Po) in the sediment profiles (DC-1 and DC-2) from Lake Dianchi, a eutrophic lake in China, were investigated by a combination of enzymatic hydrolysis and solution 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Results showed that large of Po could be extracted by NaOH-EDTA (NaOH-EDTA Po), with little Po in residues after extraction with NaOH-EDTA. Bioavailability and preservation of NaOH-EDTA Po provide key information for biogeochemical cycling of Po in sediments. The details of P species and their bioavailability in NaOH-EDTA Po showed that 54.8-70.4% in DC-1 and 54.6-100% in DC-2, measured by 31P NMR, could be hydrolyzed by the phosphatase. Whereas, some proportion of NaOH-EDTA Po could not be hydrolyzed by the phosphatase, and decreased with sediment depth. Interaction between Po and other organic matter (e.g., humic acids) is likely an important factor for preservation of these Po in the sediment profiles. Simulation experiments of hydrolysis of model Po compounds adsorbed by minerals, such as goethite and montmorillonite, further indicated that adsorption to minerals protected some Po, especially phytate-like P, from enzymatic hydrolysis, thus preserving these forms of Po in sediments. Interactions of Po with organic matter and minerals in the sediments are two important factors determining biogeochemical cycling of Po in lakes. Intervention to break the cycle of FeP and bioavailable Po (e.g., labile monoester P) in the history of eutrophication is important way to control algal blooming.